Leopard Toby, Canthigaster leoparda Lubbock & Allen 1979

Other Names: Leopard Sharp Nose Puffer, Leopard Sharpnose Puffer

A Leopard Toby, Canthigaster leoparda, in an aquarium. Source: Ron de Cloux (b[email protected]) / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A pale sharpnose puffer with clusters of brown blotches on the sides; upper-surface of head and body yellow with blue lines; a blue-edged brown spot on the back of the head; and lower part of head and lower sides whitish with small blue spots.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Canthigaster leoparda in Fishes of Australia, accessed 03 Dec 2023, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4991

Leopard Toby, Canthigaster leoparda Lubbock & Allen 1979

More Info


Known from the Coral Sea off north Queensland (collected by Cairns Marine), and the Australian territory of Christmas Island in the Eastern Indian Ocean. The species also occurs in the Philippines, Ambon in Indonesia, Guam and the Cook Islands.
Inhabits deep reefs, usually in caves and under ledges on steep drop-offs, at 30 m or below.


Some individuals lack the blue spots on the lower part of the head and sides.

Species Citation

Canthigaster leoparda Lubbock & Allen 1979, Revue Française d'Aquariologie et Herpétologie 6(3): 88, figs 1-2. Type locality: caves on vertical drop-off, 1/2 km north of Caubyan Daku Island, Camotes Sea, Philippines, depth 35-40 m.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Leopard Toby, Canthigaster leoparda Lubbock & Allen 1979


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Zoonetics, Australia.

Matsuura, K., Allen, G., Collette, B., Nelson, J., Dooley, J., Fritzsche, R. & Carpenter, K. 2010. Canthigaster leoparda . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T155313A4772985. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T155313A4772985.en. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37467069


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:30-100 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish (rare)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:7 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map