Ornate Galaxias, Galaxias ornatus Castelnau 1873

Ornate Galaxias, Galaxias ornatus. Source: Tarmo A. Raadik. License: All rights reserved

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Galaxias ornatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Mar 2023, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/5119

Ornate Galaxias, Galaxias ornatus Castelnau 1873

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Widespread south of the Great Dividing Range in coastal, central Victoria between Cape Otway in the west and the upper Tarwin River system in the east, at an elevation of between 35-800 m asl, though probably found up to 1,000 m asl (absent from lower elevations in larger river systems such as the Yarra, Barwon and Werribee rivers. 
Inhabits cool, well-shaded, clear-flowing streams in small, moist gullies along mountain ranges (e.g. Dandenong Range, Great Dividing Range, Otway Ranges), and larger, forested foothill streams.



Prior to 2014, this species was considered to be a junior synonym of Galaxias olidus.

Species Citation

Galaxias ornatus Castelnau 1873, Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria 2: 153. Type locality: Cardinia Creek, Victoria.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Ornate Galaxias, Galaxias ornatus Castelnau 1873


Adams, M., Raadik, T.A., Burridge, C.P. & Georges, A. 2014. Global biodiversity assessment and hyper-cryptic species complexes: more than one species of elephant in the room. Systematic Biology 63(4): 518–533 (as taxon ‘BA’)

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. (as Galaxias olidus, in part)

Cadwallader, P.L. & Backhouse, G.N. 1983. A Guide to the Freshwater Fish of Victoria. Melbourne : F.D. Atkinson Government Printer 249 pp. figs. (as Galaxias olidus, in part)

Castelnau, F.L. de 1873. Contribution to the ichthyology of Australia. 9. New sorts for the Victorian fauna. Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria 2: 150-153

Closs, G.P. & Lake, P.S. 1990. Drought, differential mortality and the coexistence of a native and an introduced fish species in a south east Australian intermittent stream. Environmental Biology of Fishes 47: 17-26.

Frankenberg, R. 1969. Studies on the evolution of galaxiid fishes with particular reference to the Australian fauna. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. 185 pp. (as Galaxias olidus olidus, in part) 

Koehn, J.D. & O'Connor, W.G. 1990. Distribution of freshwater fish in the Otway Region, south-western Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 102: 29–39.  

Kuiter, R.H. 2013. Pictorial Guide to Victoria's Freshwater Fishes. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics 178 pp. (as Galaxias ornatus var. Yarra, and Galaxias sp. 9)

McDowall, R.M. & Frankenberg, R.S. 1981. The galaxiid fishes of Australia. Records of the Australian Museum 33(10): 443-605 figs 1-47 DOI: 10.3853/j.0067-1975.33.1981.195, open access (as Galaxias olidus, in part) 

Raadik, T.A. 2011. Systematic revision of the Mountain Galaxias, Galaxias olidus Günther, 1866 species complex (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) in eastern Australia. Ph.D thesis, University of Canberra. pp. i-xxiii, 1-493 (as taxon ‘bass’)

Raadik, T.A. 2014. Fifteen from one: a revision of the Galaxias olidus Günther, 1866 complex (Teleostei, Galaxiidae) in south-eastern Australia recognises three previously described taxa and describes 12 new species. Zootaxa 3898(1): 001-198.

Raadik, T. 2019. Galaxias ornatus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T122902594A123382151. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T122902594A123382151.en. Downloaded on 22 January 2020.

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Conservation:IUCN Least Concern



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