Encrasicholina pseudoheteroloba (Hardenberg 1933)

A milky white anchovy with a broad silver stripe (almost as wide as the pupil diameter) from just behind the upper margin of the gill cover to the caudal-fin base, a narrow black stripe along the top of the silver stripe, a black occiput, and a silver cheek and gill cover. The species also has a long upper jaw (posterior tip extending beyond the posterior margin of the preopercle), and two unbranched rays in the dorsal and anal fins.
This species was previously considered to be a junior synonym of Encrasicholina heteroloba.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2024, Encrasicholina pseudoheteroloba in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Apr 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/5286

Encrasicholina pseudoheteroloba (Hardenberg 1933)

More Info


Northern Australia from the northwest, Western Australia, to Cape York, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indian Ocean (Red Sea and northern Madagascar eastward to the Bay of Bengal) and the western Pacific Ocean (Southeast Asia, north to Japan, south to northern Australia, and east to Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa).
The species is pelagic in coastal waters.


A species of Encrasicholina with the following combination of characters: dorsal and anal fins with 2 (rarely 1) unbranched rays; pseudobranchial filaments 16–24 (modally 19); gill rakers 19–26 (21) in upper series on 1st gill arch, 23–30 (27) in lower series, 44–55 (49) in total; gill rakers 13–18 (16) in upper series on 2nd gill arch, 20–27 (23) in lower series, 33–45 (40) in total; gill rakers 11–15 (13) in upper series on 3rd gill arch, 11–15 (13) in lower series, 22–29 (26) in total; gill rakers 9–13 (11) in upper series on 4th gill arch, 9–13 (11) in lower, 18–25 (22) in total; prepelvic scutes 3–7 (5); head short, length 22.8–27.5 % (mean 25.4 %) SL; upper jaw long, its posterior tip extending beyond posterior margin of preopercle; first unbranched dorsal and anal fin rays long, length 4.1–8.1 % (mean 6.0 %) and 2.5–5.5 % (mean 3.9 %) SL, respectively; D–P1 long, 101.6–137.2 % HL (mean 120.1 %) (Hata & Motomura 2017).


This species was previously regarded as a junior synonym of the Shorthead Anchovy, Encrasicholina heteroloba, which also occurs in northern Australia.

Similar Species

Encrasicholina pseudoheteroloba differs from other species in the genus in having a long upper jaw (the posterior tip extends beyond the posterior margin of the preopercle) and two unbranched rays in the dorsal and anal fins.


The specific name is from the Greek pseudēs (= false) and heteroloba, in reference the close resemblance of this species to Encrasicholina heteroloba.

Species Citation

Stolephorus pseudoheterolobus Hardenberg 1933, Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 93(2): 249. Type locality: Singapore (neotype). Original locality: Riouw; Lingga Archipelago; Molucca Islands, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2024


Atlas of Living Australia

Encrasicholina pseudoheteroloba (Hardenberg 1933)


Hardenberg, J.D.F. 1933. Notes on some genera of the Engraulidae. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 93(2): 230-257.

Hardenberg, J.D.F. 1933. New Stolephorus species of the Indo-Australian seas. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 93(2): 258-263. (as Stolephorus pseudoheterolobus)

Hardenberg, J.D.F. 1934. Some remarks on the genus Stolephorus Lacépède in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Treubia, Buitenzorg 14(3): 313-375. (as Stolephorus pseudoheterolobus)

Hata, H. & Motomura, H. 2017. Validity of Encrasicholina pseudoheteroloba (Hardenberg 1933) and redescription of Encrasicholina heteroloba (Rüppell 1837), a senior synonym of Encrasicholina devisi (Whitley 1940) (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae). Ichthyological Research 64: 18–28 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-016-0529-4

Motomura, H., Alama, U.B., Muto, N.,  Babaran, R.P. & Ishikawa, S. (eds). 2017. Commercial and bycatch market fishes of Panay Island, Republic of the Philippines. The Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima, University of the Philippines Visayas, Iloilo, and Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan. 1-246.

Wongratana, T., Munroe, T.A. & Nizinski, M.S. 1999. Family Engraulidae. pp. 1698-1753 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068. (as a synonym of Encrasicholina heteroloba)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37086026

Depth:1-50 m

Habitat:Pelagic inshore

Max Size:8 cm SL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map