Broom Filefish, Amanses scopas (Cuvier 1829)

Other Names: Broom Leatherjacket, Brush-sided Leatherjacket

A Broom Filefish, Amanses scopas, at Réunion. Source: Elisabeth Morcel / Wikimedia Commons. License: CC BY Attribution-ShareAlike

A brown leatherjacket with several narrow dark bars on the midside, often within a pale area. Males have 5-6 long rear facing quill-like spines below the soft dorsal fin, while females have a dense cluster of long bristle-like setae. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Amanses scopas in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024,

Broom Filefish, Amanses scopas (Cuvier 1829)

More Info


Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and the Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea, with juveniles south to Sydney, New South Wales; also Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific, from the Red Sea and eastern Africa, eastwards to the Society and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, and south to the southern Great Barrier Reef.
Individuals or pairs inhabit clear coastal and outer reefs, usually in areas with rich coral growth and rubble patches or gutters.


Dorsal fin II + 26-29; Anal fin 22-25; Pectoral fin 13.
Body depth at anal-fin origin 1.9-2.1 in SL.


The specific name is from the Latin scopa (= broom) in reference to the patch of bristles on the side.

Species Citation

Balistes scopas Cuvier 1829, Le Règne Animal Vol. 2: 373. Type locality: Mauritius and East Indies.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Broom Filefish, Amanses scopas (Cuvier 1829)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp. 

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island.Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Cuvier, G.L. 1829. Le Règne Animal Distribué d'après son Organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Poissons. Paris : Fortin, Masson et Co. Vol. 2 Nouvelle édition, pp. 122-406. 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Monacanthidae. pp. 3929-3947 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123 

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Melbourne : Zoonetics pp. 623–893.
Matsuura, K. 2015. Taxonomy and systematics of tetraodontiform fishes: a review focusing primarily on progress in the period from 1980 to 2014. Ichthyological Research 62: 72-113.

Matsuura, K. & Motomura, H. 2016. Amanses scopas (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T69921994A115473829. Downloaded on 12 May 2019.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Swainston, R. 2011. Swainston's Fishes of Australia: The complete illustrated guide. Camberwell, Victoria : Penguin Australia 836 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37465046

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:3-18 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:20 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map