Blacksaddle Filefish, Paraluteres prionurus (Bleeker 1851)


Other Names: Mimic Filefish, Mimic Leatherjacket

A Blacksaddle Filefish, Paraluteres prionurus, at the Solitary Islands, New South Wales. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution

Summary:

This small white leatherjacket mimics the poisonous the Blacksaddle TobyCanthigaster valentini. The Blacksaddle Filefish differs from the pufferfish in having a dorsal-fin spine, longer dorsal and anal-fin bases, the pectoral-fin base in front of the first body saddle (vs behind in the pufferfish), and four yellow spines on the tail base.


Great video showing how the Blacksaddle Filefish differs from the poisonous Blacksaddle Toby.

Video of a Blacksaddle Filefish at the Gold Coast Seaway - filmed by Ian Banks.

Video clip of a Blacksaddle Filefish


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Paraluteres prionurus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 05 Jul 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/813

Blacksaddle Filefish, Paraluteres prionurus (Bleeker 1851)

More Info


Distribution

Offshore reefs of north Western Australia (Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef), Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, Pixie Shoal, Northern Territory, and the far northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland and reefs in the Coral Sea, to Merimbula, New South Wales; also at Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.

Species Citation

Alutarius prionurus Bleeker 1851, Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indiƫ 2: 260. Type locality: Banda, Neira.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2019

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Blacksaddle Filefish, Paraluteres prionurus (Bleeker 1851)

References


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research Vol. 1-3 1260 pp.

Bleeker, P. 1851. Bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van de Banda-eilanden. Natuurwetenschappelijk Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indiƫ 2: 225-261

Hutchins, J.B. 1986. Monacanthidae. In, Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Monacanthidae. pp. 3929-3947 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Swainston, R. 2011. Swainston's Fishes of Australia: The complete illustrated guide. Camberwell, Victoria : Penguin Australia 836 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37465063

Behaviour:Mimics the Blacksaddle Toby

Depth:1-25 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:11 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map