Blackspot Toby, Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854)

Other Names: Bennett's Puffer, Bennett's Pufferfish, Bennett's Sharpnose Puffer, Bennett's Toby, Black-spot Toby, Brownback Toby, Exquisite Toby

A Blackspot Toby, Canthigaster bennetti, at North Stradbroke Island, Queensland. Source: Rick Stuart-Smith / Reef Life Survey. License: CC By Attribution

A small sharpnose puffer with a greenish-brownish upper body and whitish lower half, with bluish greenish lines radiating from the eyes, blue lines on the chin and a large dark pale-edged spot at the dorsal-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Canthigaster bennetti in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Apr 2024,

Blackspot Toby, Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854)

More Info


Offshore reefs of north Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the far northern Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea, Queensland, to Sydney, New South Wales, with juveniles as far south as Merimbula; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and the Lord Howe Island region in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.

Usually inhabits sandy-rubble areas on sheltered reefs, although huge schools have been seen around fringing reefs in Indonesia.

Species Citation

Tropidichthys bennetti Bleeker 1854, Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indiƫ 6: 504. Type locality: Ambon (as Amboina), Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Blackspot Toby, Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854)


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Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

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Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp. 

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island.Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Bleeker, P. 1854. Vijfde bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van Amboina. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch IndiĆ« 6: 455-508 

Booth, D.J., Figueira, W.F., Gregson, M.A., Brown, L. & Beretta, G. 2007. Occurrence of tropical fishes in temperate southeastern Australia: Role of the East Australian Current. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 72: 102-114 

Evermann, B.W. & Seale, A. 1907. Fishes of the Philippine Islands. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries (U.S.) for 1906 26: 49-110 figs 1-22 

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

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Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

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Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105

Shao, K., Liu, M., Jing, L., Hardy, G., Leis, J.L. & Matsuura, K. 2014. Canthigaster bennetti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T193656A2254996. Downloaded on 14 August 2018.

Vail, A.L. & Sinclair-Taylor, T.H. 2011. Mass schooling and mortality of Canthigaster bennetti in Sulawesi. Coral Reefs 30(1): 251-251 DOI: 10.1007/s00338-010-0706-2 Abstract

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37467037

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern


Depth:1-30 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:10 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map