Ocellate Toby, Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1847)

Other Names: Brown-lined Puffer, Brown-lined Toadfish, Doubleline Toby, Maze Toby, Ocellated Toby, Rivulated Toby, Tail-barred Pufferfish

An Ocellate Toby, Canthigaster flavoreticulata from off northwestern Australia. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: All rights reserved

A brownish puffer with two narrow dark stripes along the side that join in front of gill opening (the lower stripe may be faint or absent), and a pale lower half.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Canthigaster rivulata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 Sep 2023, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/860

Ocellate Toby, Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1847)

More Info


Shark Bay, Western Australia, and off Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, to east of Darwin, Northern Territory, and the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.
Occurs in a variety of rocky and coral reef habitats, often on deeper reefs at depths to 350 metres. 

Species Citation

Tetraodon rivulatus Temminck & Schlegel 1847, in Siebold, Fauna Japonica Vol. 4(14, 15): 285, pl. 124, fig. 3. Type locality: Nagasaki Bay, Japan. 


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Ocellate Toby, Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1847)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Randall, J.E. 1977. Review of the sharpnose pufferfishes (subfamily Canthigasterinae) of the Indo-Pacific. Records of the Australian Museum 30(17): 475-517 figs 1-15 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Arai, H. & Fujita, S. 1987. Spawning behavior and early life history of the sharpnose puffer, Canthigaster rivulata, in the aquarium. Ichthyological Research 35(2): 194-202.

Fowler, H.W. 1928. The fishes of Oceania. Memoirs of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum 10: 1-540 figs 1-82 pls 1-49 

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Lowe, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1990. Additions and revisions to the checklist of fishes of the Capricorn-Bunker Group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 19: 1-27 

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. 

Shao, K., Liu, M., Jing, L., Hardy, G., Leis, J.L. & Matsuura, K. 2014. Canthigaster rivulata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T193705A2263281. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T193705A2263281.en. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

Temminck, C.J. & Schlegel, H. 1847. Pisces. 248-289 pls 111-128, 129 (in part) in Siebold, P. Fr de (ed.) Fauna Japonica. Leyden : Apud Arnz & Socios Vol. 4(14, 15).

Quick Facts

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern


Depth:0-350 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:18 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map