Spineless Toadfish, Torquigener perlevis (Ogilby 1908)

Spineless Toadfish, Torquigener perlevis. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A pale brown puffer with variably-sized whitish spots on the head and upper side, larger yellowish-brown spots forming a midlateral stripe, an irregular row of spots below the stripe, several indistinct pale vertical 'stripes' on the head below eye level, and a whitish underside. As the common name suggests, this species lacks a covering of spines on the body.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Torquigener perlevis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Feb 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/882

Spineless Toadfish, Torquigener perlevis (Ogilby 1908)

More Info


South of Cooktown, Queensland, to the mouth of the Georges River, Sydney, New South Wales. Inhabits shallow sandy estuaries and protected coastal bays.


The specific name is from the Latin perlevis (= very smooth), in reference to the complete absence of dermal spinules.

Species Citation

Spheroides perlevis Ogilby 1908, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 21: 22. Type locality: Sandgate, Moreton Bay, Queensland.


Bray, D.J. 2021


Atlas of Living Australia

Spineless Toadfish, Torquigener perlevis (Ogilby 1908)


Hardy, G.S. 1983. Revision of Australian species of Torquigener Whitley (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae), and two new generic names for Australian puffer fishes. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 13(1/2): 1-48 figs 1-18 https://doi.org/10.1080/03036758.1983.10415335

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R. & Kuiter, S. 2018. Coastal sea-fishes of south-eastern Australia. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, 371 pp.

Ogilby, J.D. 1908. On new genera and species of fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 21: 1-26 See ref at BHL

Shao, K., Liu, M., Hardy, G., Harwell, H., Leis, J.L. & Matsuura, K. 2014. Torquigener perlevis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T193741A2270201. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T193741A2270201.en. Downloaded on 22 February 2021.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37467060

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern


Depth:0-53 m

Habitat:Sandy areas

Max Size:20 cm TL


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