Longlure Flounder, Asterorhombus filifer Hensley & Randall 2003


Other Names: Longfin Flounder

Longfin Flounder, Asterorhombus filifer, in Fiji. Source: Paddy Ryan / http://www.ryanphotographic.com/. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
This pale brown flounder is covered in a finely mottled pattern of pale and dark spots and larger dark-edged brown blotches, and with dark blotches or short bars separated by white spots on the bases of dorsal and anal fins.
The first dorsal-fin ray is elongate and separated from the rest of the dorsal fin. It comprises a central stalk and a narrow-smooth-edged membrane., and is used as a lure to attract prey of small fishes and crustaceans.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Asterorhombus filifer in Fishes of Australia, accessed 29 Jan 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/947

Longlure Flounder, Asterorhombus filifer Hensley & Randall 2003

More Info


Distribution

Escape Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indo-Pacific, from South Africa to the Hawaiian Islands.
Inhabits sandy and rubble bottoms near reefs, in gullies, and cave entrances.

Features

Dorsal fin 81-88; Anal fin 63-69; Pectoral fin 11-12 (eyed side), 9-11 (blind side); Pelvic fin 5-6; Gill rakers 0-2 + 6-10; Lateral line scales 56-67. 
Body depth 2.0-2.5 in SL (40.4-50.1 SL); sexual dimorphism in interorbital width in specimens larger than ca. 60 mm SL, 8.9-18 in HL (1.6-3.1 % SL) in males, 15-21.2 (0.9-2.3 % SL) in females; gill-rakers short, flattened, with strong spinules on margin; uniserial dentition in both jaws.
First dorsal-fin ray separated from remainder of fin, elongate, 0.8-1.7 in head length (HL), posterior membrane on ray broad, with a smooth margin, and running nearly entire length of ray; eyes usually with a single tentacle, frequently branched. 
Scales on eyed side ctenoid; cycloid scales on blind side

Feeding

Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans attracted to the elongated first dorsal-fin ray.

Similar Species

Asterorhombus filifer differs from the Angler Flatfish, A. cocosensis in having a more slender body, usually a longer first dorsal-fin ray with a simpler membrane, a narrower interorbital space, and usually a single tentacle on both eyes (vs. 1-9 tentacles on the upper eye only in A cocosensis). Males of both A. cocosensis and A. filifer have a wider   interorbital space than females. 

The Longlure Fllounder differs from the Blotched Flounder, Asterorhombus intermediusin having a longer first dorsal-fin ray with a smooth edge on the membrane, usually more lateral-line scales, and males with a wider interorbital space than females. 

Etymology

The specific name filifer is from the Latin filum, meaning filament, and fero, meaning carry, in reference to the long first dorsal-fin ray, especially as it appears in small specimens and when the membrane is folded around the ray.

Species Citation

Asterorhombus filifer Hensley & Randall 2003, Smithiana. Special Publications 2: 2, figs 1, 2, 3A. Type locality: wreckage at shore between cargo pier and launching ramp, Midway Atoll, Hawaiian Islands, 3-5 m. 

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Longlure Flounder, Asterorhombus filifer Hensley & Randall 2003

References


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Hensley, D.A. 2005. Revision of the genus Asterorhombus (Pleuronectiformes: Bothidae. Copeia 2005(3): 445-460.

Hensley, D.A. & Randall, J.E. 2003. A new flatfish of the Indo-Pacific genus Asterorhombus (Pleuronectiformes: Bothidae). Smithiana Special Publications 2: 1-9 PDF

Munroe, T.A. 2015. Family Bothidae, pp 1673-1681. In Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds) The Fishes of New Zealand 4: 1153-1748.

Munroe, T. 2016. Asterorhombus filifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T69741907A69742789. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T69741907A69742789.en. Downloaded on 10 February 2018.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37460083

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:3–57 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:13 cm TL

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