McCulloch's Tongue Sole, Cynoglossus maccullochi Norman 1926

Other Names: McCulloch's Tongue-sole

McCulloch's Tongue Sole, Cynoglossus maccullochi. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A brown tongue sole with some freckling and diffuse blotches no the body.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Cynoglossus maccullochi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 05 Dec 2021,

McCulloch's Tongue Sole, Cynoglossus maccullochi Norman 1926

More Info


Off Jurien Bay to west of Cape Leveque, Western Australia (and possibly south to Perth), and the far northern Great Barrier Reef to Moreton Bay, Queensland.


Dorsal fin 102–107; Anal fin 73-83; Caudal fin 8; Vertebrae 9 + 41-42 = 50-51; Midlateral line scales 68-76; Scales between midlateral line and dorsolateral line 10-13.


May be taken as bycatch in commercial fisheries.


Presumably named for Allan Riverstone McCulloch, former Curator of Fishes of the Australian Museum, Sydney.

Species Citation

Cynoglossus maccullochi Norman 1926, Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. Endeavour 1909-1914 5(5): 302, fig. 13. Type locality: 7-10 miles north-west of Hummocky Island, Queensland, 14-16 fathoms.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

McCulloch's Tongue Sole, Cynoglossus maccullochi Norman 1926


Allen, G.R., Munroe, T.A. & Nielsen, J.G. 2010. Cynoglossus maccullochi . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T154739A4622690. Downloaded on 26 February 2020.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Menon, A.G.K. 1977. A systematic monograph of the tongue soles of the genus Cynoglossus Hamilton-Buchanan (Pisces : Cynoglossidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 238: 1-129 figs 1-48 pls 1-28 

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] 

Munroe, T.A. 2001. Soleidae, Cynoglossidae. pp. 3878-3901 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Norman, J.R. 1926. A report on the flatfishes (Heterosomata) collected by the F.I.S. Endeavour, with a synopsis of the flatfishes of Australia and a revision of the subfamily Rhombosoleinae. Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. Endeavour 1909-1914 5(5): 219-308 figs 1-15

Rendahl, H. 1921. Results of Dr. E. Mjöberg's Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910–13. 28. Fische. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Academiens Nya Handlingar, Stockholm 61(9): 1-24 figs 1-7 [dated 1920]

Wang, Z.-M., Munroe, T.A & Kong , X.-Y.  2016. A new species of tongue sole (Pisces: Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae: Cynoglossus) from coastal waters of the South China Sea. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 129: 129-143., open access

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37463024

Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

Depth:0-80 m

Habitat:Silty-sand areas

Max Size:18 cm SL


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