States & territories
- South Australia(7)
- New South Wales(6)
- Western Australia(4)
- Northern Territory(2)
- Ashmore and Cartier Islands(1)
- Coral Sea Islands(1)
- Elongate Flounder Ammotretis elongatus McCulloch 1914 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A sandy coloured right-eyed flatfish with small black spots covering the head, body and fins, and a whitish blind side.
- Spotted Flounder Ammotretis lituratus (Richardson 1844) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A well-camouflaged beige, sandy or greyish flounder, sometimes with a number of darker spots scattered on the head, body and/or fins.
- Mueller's Flounder Arnoglossus muelleri (Klunzinger 1872) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus A brownish flounder with variable dark and pale spots and speckles, and usually large dark spots on the midside. Although difficult to distinguish from the Bass Strait Flounder, Arnoglossus bassensis , Mueller's Flounder has slightly larger scales and eyes, and appears to be more common in Port Phillip, Victoria.
- Derwent Flounder Taratretis derwentensis Last 1978 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Taratretis A small pale tan coloured flounder with many irregular fine brown dots and pale markings scatered on the body, dark blotches and orange and black markings on the fins, and a whitish underside. The Derwent Flounder lacks a hooked snout (rostral hook).
- Bass Strait Flounder Arnoglossus bassensis Norman 1926 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus A brownish-grey flounder with large blackish blotches along the midside and near the upper and lower edges of the body, fins sometimes with scattered dark spots, and a whitish underside.
- Smalltooth Flounder Pseudorhombus jenynsii (Bleeker 1855) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A brownish flatfish with two conspicuous ocelli above and below the lateral line and one or two ocelli on rear part of the lateral line before the tail, and a dark blotch at junction of straight and curved portions of lateral line.
- Largetooth Flounder Pseudorhombus arsius (Hamilton 1822) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A greenish or brownish left-eyed flounder with a large dark blotch at front of the straight part of the lateral line and a second midway to the tail, often with large dark spots or rings that are sometimes encircled with small whitish spots, and small dark brown spots on the fins.
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