States & territories
- Bass Strait(2)
- Central E coast(1)
- Great Australian Bight(1)
- NW coast(1)
- S Gulfs coast(1)
- SW coast(1)
- Tas. coast(1)
- S oceanic(1)
- Lower E coast(1)
- NE coast(1)
Habitat & ecology
- Andrew's Flounder Arnoglossus andrewsi Kurth 1954 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus
- Armstrong's Flounder Arnoglossus armstrongi Scott 1975 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus Armstrong's Flounder is known only from the holotype, a poorly preserved specimen. Some authors have considered this species to be a junior synonym of Mueller's Flounder, Arnoglossus muelleri .
- Largescale Flounder Ammotretis macrolepis McCulloch 1914 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A small pinkish flounder often with darker speckles on the head and body of the eyed side.
- Spotted Flounder Ammotretis lituratus (Richardson 1844) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A well-camouflaged beige, sandy or greyish flounder, sometimes with a number of darker spots scattered on the head, body and/or fins.
- Longsnout Flounder Ammotretis rostratus Günther 1862 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A sandy-coloured to pale brown flounder speckled with variable darker spots, and a whitish pectoral fin on the blind side (underside). The Longsnout Flounder has both eyes on the right side of the head, the dorsal fin originating at the tip of the hooked snout, and two pelvic fins This is the most common flounder in Port Phillip, Victoria - mostly extremely well-camouflaged juveniles that are difficult to see.
- Crested Flounder Lophonectes gallus Günther 1880 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Lophonectes
- Slender Flounder Pseudorhombus tenuirastrum (Waite 1899) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A greyish-brown flounder with three ocelli above and below the lateral line, and smaller dark rings and blotches scattered on body and median fins.
- Greenback Flounder Rhombosolea tapirina Günther 1862 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Rhombosolea A greenish to greyish or brownish flounder, with a pale underside, a distinctly rhomboidal shape, a long fleshy snout, and no pelvic fins on the underside. Darker spots and blotches may be present on the upper side.
- Mueller's Flounder Arnoglossus muelleri (Klunzinger 1872) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus A brownish flounder with variable dark and pale spots and speckles, and usually large dark spots on the midside. Although difficult to distinguish from the Bass Strait Flounder, Arnoglossus bassensis , Mueller's Flounder has slightly larger scales and eyes, and appears to be more common in Port Phillip, Victoria.
- Banded-fin Flounder Azygopus pinnifasciatus Norman 1926 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Azygopus A relatively small brownish flounder with several darker, irregular large blotches, dark bands on the dorsal and anal fins, and dark caudal-fin membranes.
- Neoachiropsetta milfordi (Penrith 1965) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Achiropsettidae > Neoachiropsetta A large 'armless' flounder found off the west coast of Tasmania. pelvic fin on eyed side with 7 rays, fin on blind side with 6-7 rays. Brownish-grey with darker dorsal and anal fins.
- Derwent Flounder Taratretis derwentensis Last 1978 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Taratretis A small pale tan coloured flounder with many irregular fine brown dots and pale markings scatered on the body, dark blotches and orange and black markings on the fins, and a whitish underside. The Derwent Flounder lacks a hooked snout (rostral hook).
- Bass Strait Flounder Arnoglossus bassensis Norman 1926 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus A brownish-grey flounder with large blackish blotches along the midside and near the upper and lower edges of the body, fins sometimes with scattered dark spots, and a whitish underside.
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