States & territories
- Western Australia(18)
- New South Wales(13)
- South Australia(10)
- Northern Territory(9)
- Ashmore and Cartier Islands(2)
- Christmas Island(1)
- Cocos (Keeling) Islands(1)
- Norfolk Island(1)
- Coral Sea Islands(1)
Habitat & ecology
- Great Barrier Reef(8)
- Moreton Bay Region(6)
- SA Gulfs(6)
- Gulf of Carpentaria(6)
- Port Phillip(5)
- Sydney Harbour(5)
- The Kimberley(5)
- Derwent Estuary(4)
- Bass Strait(4)
- Lord Howe Province(2)
- Darwin Harbour(1)
- Rottnest Island(1)
- Great Australian Bight(1)
- Andrew's Flounder Arnoglossus andrewsi Kurth 1954 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus
- Freckled Righteye Flounder Psammodiscus ocellatus Günther 1862 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Psammodiscus
- Three Twinspot Flounder Pseudorhombus dupliciocellatus Regan 1905 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus
- No Photo Available Huysman's Flounder Samariscus huysmani Weber 1913 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Samaridae > Samariscus
- Bothus swio Hensley 1997 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Bothus
- Largescale Flounder Ammotretis macrolepis McCulloch 1914 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A small pinkish flounder often with darker speckles on the head and body of the eyed side.
- Bigtooth Twinspot Flounder Pseudorhombus diplospilus Norman 1926 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A brown left-eyed flounder with four double ocelli arranged in a square on the upper side.
- Spiny Flounder Pseudorhombus spinosus McCulloch 1914 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus
- Spotted Flounder Ammotretis lituratus (Richardson 1844) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A well-camouflaged beige, sandy or greyish flounder, sometimes with a number of darker spots scattered on the head, body and/or fins.
- Longsnout Flounder Ammotretis rostratus Günther 1862 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A sandy-coloured to pale brown flounder speckled with variable darker spots, and a whitish pectoral fin on the blind side (underside). The Longsnout Flounder has both eyes on the right side of the head, the dorsal fin originating at the tip of the hooked snout, and two pelvic fins This is the most common flounder in Port Phillip, Victoria - mostly extremely well-camouflaged juveniles that are difficult to see.
- Mueller's Flounder Arnoglossus muelleri (Klunzinger 1872) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus A brownish flounder with variable dark and pale spots and speckles, and usually large dark spots on the midside. Although difficult to distinguish from the Bass Strait Flounder, Arnoglossus bassensis , Mueller's Flounder has slightly larger scales and eyes, and appears to be more common in Port Phillip, Victoria.
- Greenback Flounder Rhombosolea tapirina Günther 1862 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Rhombosolea A greenish to greyish or brownish flounder, with a pale underside, a distinctly rhomboidal shape, a long fleshy snout, and no pelvic fins on the underside. Darker spots and blotches may be present on the upper side.
- Longlure Flounder Asterorhombus filifer Hensley & Randall 2003 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Asterorhombus This pale brown flounder is covered in a finely mottled pattern of pale and dark spots and larger dark-edged brown blotches, and with dark blotches or short bars separated by white spots on the bases of dorsal and anal fins. The first dorsal-fin ray is elongate and separated from the rest of the dorsal fin. It comprises a central stalk and a narrow-smooth-edged membrane., and is used as a lure to attract prey of small fishes and crustaceans.
- Derwent Flounder Taratretis derwentensis Last 1978 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Taratretis A small pale tan coloured flounder with many irregular fine brown dots and pale markings scatered on the body, dark blotches and orange and black markings on the fins, and a whitish underside. The Derwent Flounder lacks a hooked snout (rostral hook).
- Bass Strait Flounder Arnoglossus bassensis Norman 1926 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus A brownish-grey flounder with large blackish blotches along the midside and near the upper and lower edges of the body, fins sometimes with scattered dark spots, and a whitish underside.
- Smalltooth Flounder Pseudorhombus jenynsii (Bleeker 1855) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A brownish flatfish with two conspicuous ocelli above and below the lateral line and one or two ocelli on rear part of the lateral line before the tail, and a dark blotch at junction of straight and curved portions of lateral line.
- Shortfin Flounder Ammotretis brevipinnis Norman 1926 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A brownish flounder with small blackish spots on the side, broad outer margins on the dorsal, anal and caudal fins much darker than bases, a distinct large dark spot on the pectoral-fin base, and a whitish underside. The pectoral fin of the underside is much shorter than that of eyed side, and the first ray has a bulbous tip.
- Leopard Flounder Bothus pantherinus (Rüppell 1830) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Bothus A brownish to greyish left-eyed flounder with dark spots and dark-edged pale spots and florets on the eyed-side, and a large dark blotch on the straight section of the lateral line towards the rear of the body. Males have elongate pectoral fins used in territorial and courtship displays. Video of a Leopard Flounder in the Red Sea.
- Largetooth Flounder Pseudorhombus arsius (Hamilton 1822) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A greenish or brownish left-eyed flounder with a large dark blotch at front of the straight part of the lateral line and a second midway to the tail, often with large dark spots or rings that are sometimes encircled with small whitish spots, and small dark brown spots on the fins.
- Fison's Flounder Arnoglossus fisoni Ogilby 1898 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus A sandy-grey flounder with numerous small, darker ocelli on the eyed-side, a narrow yellowish band along the base of the interspinous rays of the dorsal and anal fins running parallel with the upper and lower profiles of the body, and small darker and lighter spots on the fins.
- Blotched Flounder Asterorhombus intermedius (Bleeker 1866) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Asterorhombus A brown mottled flounder with three rows of pale black-edged spots - along the lateral line, and along the dorsal and ventral body margins, and an elongate first dorsal-fin ray separated from the rest of the fin with a narrow fringed membrane along the outer half to two-thirds of the ray.
- Arnoglossus dalgleishi (von Bonde 1922) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus Identifying features: Dorsal and anal fins with a regular series of dark blotches; first 3 rays of pelvic fin on eyed side dark; first 3 dorsal-fin rays dark; mouth large, upper jaw extending beyond middle of eye. .
- Deep Flounder Pseudorhombus elevatus Ogilby 1912 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A relatively deep-bodied brownish flounder with a dark blotch at the junction of the straight and curved parts of the lateral line, a smaller blotch on the lateral line on the rear of the body and another on the anterior end of the caudal peduncle, dark rings following the dorsal and ventral profiles, and small dark spots and elongate markings on the median fins.
- Australian Halibut Psettodes erumei (Bloch & Schneider 1801) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Psettodidae > Psettodes A brown or greyish flatfish sometimes with four broad, dark bars across the upper side, a blackish margin on the dorsal, anal and caudal fins, and sometimes the blind side is partly pigmented. The mouth is large with numerous canine teeth in the jaws.
- Striate Anglerfish Antennarius striatus (Shaw 1794) Actinopterygii > Lophiiformes > Antennariidae > Antennarius An ambush predator with a very long lure that resembles a marine worm. Although individuals vary greatly in colour and form, most have zebra-like markings and skin covered in long filamentous appendages. Fantastic footage of Striate Anglerfish spawning A Striate Anglerfish (aka Hairy Frogfish) eating a flounder, Engyprosopon grandisquama . A pair of Striate Anglerfish 'walking' over the seafloor in Indonesia. Slow motion footage of a Striate Anglerfish feeding.
Page 1 of 1