States & territories
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Habitat & ecology
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- Freckled Righteye Flounder Psammodiscus ocellatus Günther 1862 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Psammodiscus
- Parabothus coarctatus (Gilbert 1905) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Parabothus
- No Photo Available Huysman's Flounder Samariscus huysmani Weber 1913 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Samaridae > Samariscus
- Parabothus taiwanensis Amaoka & Shen 1993 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Parabothus
- Five-eye Flounder Pseudorhombus quinquocellatus Weber & de Beaufort 1929 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus
- No Photo Available Sunier's Flounder Samariscus sunieri Weber & de Beaufort 1929 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Samaridae > Samariscus Samariscus sunieri is a relatively small righteyed flounder with a long, slender, very compressed body and a very long pectoral fin that is about twice the length of the head. This species lives inside and outside of the Great Barrier Reef.
- Mueller's Flounder Arnoglossus muelleri (Klunzinger 1872) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus A brownish flounder with variable dark and pale spots and speckles, and usually large dark spots on the midside. Although difficult to distinguish from the Bass Strait Flounder, Arnoglossus bassensis , Mueller's Flounder has slightly larger scales and eyes, and appears to be more common in Port Phillip, Victoria.
- Banded-fin Flounder Azygopus pinnifasciatus Norman 1926 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Azygopus A relatively small brownish flounder with several darker, irregular large blotches, dark bands on the dorsal and anal fins, and dark caudal-fin membranes.
- Spotted Deepsea Flounder Mancopsetta maculata (Günther 1880) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Achiropsettidae > Mancopsetta A large flounder found in the Southern Ocean, the South Atlantic and South Indian oceans. Pelvic fin on eyed side with 7 rays, much larger than that on blind side which contains 5 rays; caudal fin rounded.
- Branchray Flounder Citharoides macrolepidotus Hubbs 1915 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Citharidae > Citharoides A brownish left-eyed flounder with a conspicuous spot at the rear of the dorsal and anal fin bases, dark blotches on the dorsal and anal fins, and a rounded caudal fin. The pectoral fin rays on the eyed-side are branched except for the upper 2-3 rays and the lower first ray. All pectoral-fin rays on the blind side are unbranched.
- Pelican Flounder Chascanopsetta lugubris Alcock 1894 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Chascanopsetta A greatly compressed left-eye flounder with an enormous mouth, the upper jaw shorter than the head length, the lower jaw protruding slightly beyond the upper jaw, and lateral lines developed on both sides of the body. Image of a larval Pelecan Flounder .
- Smalltooth Flounder Pseudorhombus jenynsii (Bleeker 1855) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A brownish flatfish with two conspicuous ocelli above and below the lateral line and one or two ocelli on rear part of the lateral line before the tail, and a dark blotch at junction of straight and curved portions of lateral line.
- Leopard Flounder Bothus pantherinus (Rüppell 1830) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Bothus A brownish to greyish left-eyed flounder with dark spots and dark-edged pale spots and florets on the eyed-side, and a large dark blotch on the straight section of the lateral line towards the rear of the body. Males have elongate pectoral fins used in territorial and courtship displays. Video of a Leopard Flounder in the Red Sea.
- Arnoglossus dalgleishi (von Bonde 1922) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Arnoglossus Identifying features: Dorsal and anal fins with a regular series of dark blotches; first 3 rays of pelvic fin on eyed side dark; first 3 dorsal-fin rays dark; mouth large, upper jaw extending beyond middle of eye. .
- Largetooth Flounder Pseudorhombus arsius (Hamilton 1822) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A greenish or brownish left-eyed flounder with a large dark blotch at front of the straight part of the lateral line and a second midway to the tail, often with large dark spots or rings that are sometimes encircled with small whitish spots, and small dark brown spots on the fins.
- Deep Flounder Pseudorhombus elevatus Ogilby 1912 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Pseudorhombus A relatively deep-bodied brownish flounder with a dark blotch at the junction of the straight and curved parts of the lateral line, a smaller blotch on the lateral line on the rear of the body and another on the anterior end of the caudal peduncle, dark rings following the dorsal and ventral profiles, and small dark spots and elongate markings on the median fins.
- Australian Halibut Psettodes erumei (Bloch & Schneider 1801) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Psettodidae > Psettodes A brown or greyish flatfish sometimes with four broad, dark bars across the upper side, a blackish margin on the dorsal, anal and caudal fins, and sometimes the blind side is partly pigmented. The mouth is large with numerous canine teeth in the jaws.
- Striate Anglerfish Antennarius striatus (Shaw 1794) Actinopterygii > Lophiiformes > Antennariidae > Antennarius An ambush predator with a very long lure that resembles a marine worm. Although individuals vary greatly in colour and form, most have zebra-like markings and skin covered in long filamentous appendages. Fantastic footage of Striate Anglerfish spawning A Striate Anglerfish (aka Hairy Frogfish) eating a flounder, Engyprosopon grandisquama . A pair of Striate Anglerfish 'walking' over the seafloor in Indonesia. Slow motion footage of a Striate Anglerfish feeding.
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