States & territories
- New South Wales(16)
- Western Australia(7)
- Northern Territory(5)
- South Australia(3)
- Ashmore and Cartier Islands(1)
Habitat & ecology
- Zebra Sole Zebrias quagga (Kaup 1858) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Zebrias
- Southern Peacock Sole Pardachirus hedleyi Ogilby 1916 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Pardachirus A brownish sole with dark-edged white blotches and scattered darker blotches on the upper side.
- Deepwater Tongue Sole Symphurus australis McCulloch 1907 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Cynoglossidae > Symphurus
- Lemon Tongue Sole Paraplagusia bilineata (Bloch 1787) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Cynoglossidae > Paraplagusia A tan-coloured tongue sole with a marbled pattern of dark wavy lines enclosing pale patches, two lateral lines on the eyed side, none on blind side. In Australia, the Lemon Tongue Sole has also been called Paraplagusia blochii which is a junior synonym.
- Spotfin Tongue Sole Cynoglossus maculipinnis Rendahl 1921 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Cynoglossidae > Cynoglossus A brown tongue sole with a pair of prominent round black spots on the rear third of the body.
- Narrowbanded Sole Synclidopus macleayanus (Ramsay 1881) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Synclidopus A lavender-grey to brownish sole with many well-defined narrow dark charcoal to greyish-brown bands usually slightly wider than the pale spaces between.
- Manyband Sole Zebrias scalaris Gomon 1987 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Zebrias A pale brown sole with 16-24 darker almost parallel bands across the body and caudal-fin base, bands of equal width or slightly narrower than pale interspaces and usually distinct, though not sharply demarcated from interspaces.
- Smallhead Sole Soleichthys microcephalus (Günther 1862) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Soleichthys A colourful banded sole with 11-13 dark-brown to blackish crossbands on the head and body that are wider than the alternating paler bands, 2 conspicuous white spots on the midline, and a blue and black margin to the dorsal, anal and caudal fins. The brightly-coloured juveniles are whitish with black and orange fin margins. They mimic a species of flatworm in both colour and in their undulating movement.
- Thickray Sole Aesopia cornuta Kaup 1858 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Aesopia A greyish to yellowish-brown sole, with darker 12-16 bars edged with black on the head, body and fins, and a black caudal fin with bright yellow blotches. The first dorsal-fin ray is elongate and thickened with many hair-like projections on the upper surface. The Thickray Sole often lies buried in sand with only the eyes exposed.
- Spotted Flounder Ammotretis lituratus (Richardson 1844) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A well-camouflaged beige, sandy or greyish flounder, sometimes with a number of darker spots scattered on the head, body and/or fins.