States & territories
- New South Wales(7)
- Western Australia(7)
- Northern Territory(5)
- Ashmore and Cartier Islands(1)
- South Australia(1)
Habitat & ecology
- Zebra Sole Zebrias quagga (Kaup 1858) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Zebrias
- Lemon Tongue Sole Paraplagusia bilineata (Bloch 1787) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Cynoglossidae > Paraplagusia A tan-coloured tongue sole with a marbled pattern of dark wavy lines enclosing pale patches, two lateral lines on the eyed side, none on blind side. In Australia, the Lemon Tongue Sole has also been called Paraplagusia blochii which is a junior synonym.
- Spotfin Tongue Sole Cynoglossus maculipinnis Rendahl 1921 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Cynoglossidae > Cynoglossus A brown tongue sole with a pair of prominent round black spots on the rear third of the body.
- Thickray Sole Aesopia cornuta Kaup 1858 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Aesopia A greyish to yellowish-brown sole, with darker 12-16 bars edged with black on the head, body and fins, and a black caudal fin with bright yellow blotches. The first dorsal-fin ray is elongate and thickened with many hair-like projections on the upper surface. The Thickray Sole often lies buried in sand with only the eyes exposed.
- Dappled Sole Aseraggodes melanostictus (Peters 1877) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Aseraggodes A pale brown sole with darker scale edges, faint irregular dark–edged pale markings over head and body, and very irregular dark brown blotches, most much larger than eye, the two largest on lateral line to either side of middle of body; fins with dark dots (Randall 2005).
- Tiger Sole Soleichthys heterorhinos (Bleeker 1856) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Soleichthys A white to reddish-brown sole with numerous narrow dark brown bars or lines across the eyed side, a white margin and a bluish-black submarginal band on the dorsal and anal fins, and a pale caudal fin with a broad black margin. The species has a tubular anterior nostril the is longer than the eye diamter.
- Longsnout Flounder Ammotretis rostratus Günther 1862 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Rhombosoleidae > Ammotretis A sandy-coloured to pale brown flounder speckled with variable darker spots, and a whitish pectoral fin on the blind side (underside). The Longsnout Flounder has both eyes on the right side of the head, the dorsal fin originating at the tip of the hooked snout, and two pelvic fins This is the most common flounder in Port Phillip, Victoria - mostly extremely well-camouflaged juveniles that are difficult to see.
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