States & territories
- Northern Territory(19)
- Western Australia(17)
- New South Wales(12)
- Ashmore and Cartier Islands(1)
- South Australia(1)
- Gulf of Carpentaria(8)
- NE coast(6)
- N coast(6)
- Central E coast(4)
- NW coast(3)
- Central W coast(2)
- Lower W coast(2)
- Great Barrier Reef(2)
- SE oceanic(1)
- NE coastal(1)
Habitat & ecology
- Dappled Sole Aseraggodes melanostictus (Peters 1877) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Aseraggodes A pale brown sole with darker scale edges, faint irregular dark–edged pale markings over head and body, and very irregular dark brown blotches, most much larger than eye, the two largest on lateral line to either side of middle of body; fins with dark dots (Randall 2005).
- Tiger Sole Soleichthys heterorhinos (Bleeker 1856) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Soleichthys A white to reddish-brown sole with numerous narrow dark brown bars or lines across the eyed side, a white margin and a bluish-black submarginal band on the dorsal and anal fins, and a pale caudal fin with a broad black margin. The species has a tubular anterior nostril the is longer than the eye diamter.
- Bearded Sole Liachirus whitleyi (Chabanaud 1950) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Liachirus This species was previously named Aseraggodes whitleyi .
- Smallhead Sole Soleichthys microcephalus (Günther 1862) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Soleichthys A colourful banded sole with 11-13 dark-brown to blackish crossbands on the head and body that are wider than the alternating paler bands, 2 conspicuous white spots on the midline, and a blue and black margin to the dorsal, anal and caudal fins. The brightly-coloured juveniles are whitish with black and orange fin margins. They mimic a species of flatworm in both colour and in their undulating movement.
- Snakeskin Sole Soleichthys serpenpellis Munroe & Menke 2004 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Soleichthys A sole with six incomplete, diamond-shaped crossbands on the body that are widest in their mid-sections and wider than the pale interspaces. small brown spots scattered in the interspaces, three crossbands on the head, and two white spots in longitudinal series along the body midline.
- No Photo Available Munro's Sole Zebrias munroi (Whitley 1966) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Zebrias A cream to pale yellow sole becoming white on the fins (including the caudal fin), with 9-12 very irregular pale brown bars with darker borders partly or completely crossing the head, body, dorsal and anal fins. The blind side is pale yellow.
- Black Sole Brachirus niger (Macleay 1880) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Brachirus A uniformly blackish or pale brownish sole with large patches of dark brown cirri, blackish pectoral fins, and a narrow whitish margin on the dorsal, anal and caudal fins. The blind side cream to whitish. This species has frequently been referred to as Brachirus nigra .
- Peacock Sole Pardachirus pavoninus (Lacépède 1802) Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Pardachirus Reddish-brown to pale brown with a densely spotted head, spots of various shapes and sizes on the body and fins of the eyed-side, spots with a dark border and often a blackish central spot.
- Synclidopus hogani Johnson & Randall 2008 Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Soleidae > Synclidopus A sole with about 22-26 irregular, mostly discontinuous pale tan to dark chocolate brown bands with pale creamy-brown interspaces, and three longitudinal rows of 5-6 large diffuse dark brown spots.
- Grey Mirrorbelly Monacoa griseus Poulsen, Sado, Hahn, Byrkjedal, Moku & Miya 2016 Actinopterygii > Argentiniformes > Opisthoproctidae > Monacoa A mirrorbelly with a prominent snout protruding into a distinct tube, the anal fin easily discernible, situated on the posterior outer margin of the "sole". The posterior part of the "sole" (flattened underside) is darkly/uniformly pigmented, with an abrupt change in pigmentation in front of pelvic fins, including a weaker pigment blotch in front of this abrupt change. In species of the genus Monacoa, bioluminescence from the rectal light bulb is produced by the bacteria Photobacterium phosphoreum. This species was previously known as Opisthoproctus grimaldii Zugmayer, 1911.