Pontoh`s Pygmy Seahorse, Hippocampus pontohi Lourie & Kuiter 2008


Other Names: Severns' Pygmy Seahorse, Sulawesi Pygmy Seahorse

Severns' Seahorse, Hippocampus severnsi, in North Sulawesi, Indonesia, June 2009. Source: Dave Harasti / http://www.daveharasti.com/. License: All rights reserved

Summary:

A brown pygmy seahorse scattered with white dots and sometimes with a marbled pattern, a bright red patch on the trunk, and a pale tail with brown bands.

Video of Severn's Seahorse at Bangka Island, Indonesia(H. severnsi is a junior synonym of H. pontohi).


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Hippocampus pontohi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 18 Nov 2017, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/1533

Pontoh`s Pygmy Seahorse, Hippocampus pontohi Lourie & Kuiter 2008

More Info


Distribution

Recorded in Australia from Milin Reef, Great Barrier Reef, off Cairns, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical Western Pacific - Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji and the Ryukyu Islands, Japan.
Inhabits coral reefs, usually clinging in pairs to a variety of invertebrate hosts including coralline algae, bryozoans, hydrozoans and gorgonian corals (octocorals). The various host species were studied by Reijnen et al. (2011).

Features


Size

An extremely small seahorse: height 13 mm, standard length 15 mm.

Colour


Feeding


Biology

Pontoh`s Pygmy Seahorse a relatively active pygmy seahorse and is commonly seen in pairs. Males brood the developing embryos, and two pregnant males each contained 11 embryos (Lourie & Kuiter 2008).

Fisheries


Conservation


Listed on CITES Appendix II

Data Deficient on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species.

Remarks

Hippocampus severnsi is a junior synonym of H. pontohi. However, H. pontohi, may be a junior synonym of Coleman's Seahorse, H. colemani (Lourie et al. 2016).

Similar Species


Etymology

Named in honour of Hence Pontoh, the Indonesian dive guide who first brought these pygmy seahorses to the attention of the authors.

Species Citation


Hippocampus pontohi Lourie & Kuiter, 2008, Zootaxa 1963: 61, Figs. 2B, 3B, 4B. Type locality: between Alung Banua and Cela Point, Bunaken, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1°37'07" to 1°36'47"N, 124°45'30" to 124°46'03", depth 15.2 m.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2017

Pontoh`s Pygmy Seahorse, Hippocampus pontohi Lourie & Kuiter 2008

References


Gomon, M.F. & R.H. Kuiter 2009. Two new pygmy seahorses (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampus) from the Indo-West Pacific. aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 15(1): 37-44.

Lourie, S.A., Pollom, R.A. & Foster, S.J. 2016. A global revision of the seahorses Hippocampus Rafinesque 1810 (Actinopterygii: Syngnathiformes): taxonomy and biogeography with recommendations for further research. Zootaxa 4146(1): 1-66. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4146.1.1 Abstract

Kuiter, R.H. 2009. Seahorses and their relatives. Seaford, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 331. (as Hippocampus pontohi & H. severnsi)

Lourie, S.A. & Kuiter, R.H. 2008. Three new pygmy seahorse species from Indonesia (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampus). Zootaxa 1963: 54-68. (as Hippocampus pontohi & H. severnsi). 

Lourie, S.A., Pollom, R.A. & Foster, S.J. 2016. A global revision of the seahorses Hippocampus Rafinesque 1810 (Actinopterygii: Syngnathiformes): taxonomy and biogeography with recommendations for further research. Zootaxa 4146(1): 1–66. Abstract

Reijnen, B.T., S.E.T. van der Meij & L.P. van Ofwegen. 2011. Fish, fans and hydroids: host species of pygmy seahorses. ZooKeys 103: 1-26. PDF Open access

Sorensen, M. 2010. Hippocampus pontohi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T172282A6864007. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-1.RLTS.T172282A6864007.en. Downloaded on 21 September 2016.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37282141

Biology:Males brood the eggs

Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient; CITES listed

Depth:8-20 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15mmTL; height 13mm

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map