Goldspot Pigfish, Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)

Other Names: Goldenspot Hogfish, Golden-spot Pigfish, Golden-spot Pig-fish, Golden-spot Wrasse, Goldspot Hogfish, Orange Threadfin Tuskfish

A Goldspot Pigfish, Bodianus perditio, at North Solitary Island, New South Wales, January 2001. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution


A large orange-red pigfish with golden-orange spots on the head and anterior body, a yellow spot or bar on the middle of the back followed by a large oval black patch below the soft dorsal-fin base, a large black blotch on the spinous dorsal fin.

Video of a Goldspot Pigfish at Cook Island and Julian Rocks, New South Wales.

A Goldspot Pigfish at Flinders Reef, Moreton Bay, Queensland - depth 12 m.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Bodianus perditio in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jul 2018,

Goldspot Pigfish, Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)

More Info


Recorded in Australia from the Capricorn Group, QLD, to Montague Island, NSW; also at Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. Not found on Australia's Indian Ocean coast.

Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical western-central Pacific (antiequatorial) from New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island, Tonga and Rapa east to Tuamotu Archipelago and Gambier Islands; Taiwan north to southern Japan. The species is common at New Caledonia.

Inhabits coral and rocky reefs, often over sand or rubble in deeper waters.


Feeds mostly on benthic invertebrates such as molluscs and crustaceans.


Randall & Vicotr (2013) showed that BOdianus astrolumbus was a valid species found in the southwest Indian Ocean, and that Goldspot Pigfish, B. perditio, did not occur in the Indian Ocean.


The specific name perditio is from the Latin 'perditis' (destruction) in reference to the precarious position in which the vessel 'Astrolabe' found itself around the time the holotype of this species was collected.

Species Citation

Labrus perditio Quoy & Gaimard, 1834. Voyage de découvertes de "l'Astrolabe" Zoologie 9(3): 702, pl. 20(4). Type locality:


Dianne J. Bray

Goldspot Pigfish, Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)


Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Gomon, M.F. 2006. A revision of the labrid fish genus Bodianus with descriptions of eight new species. Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 30: 1-133.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp.

Quoy, J.R.C. & Gaimard, J.P. 1834. Voyage de Découvertes de l'Astrolabe, exécuté par ordre du Roi pendant les années 1826–1829, sous le Commandement de M.J. Dumont d'Urville. Zoologie Vol. 9 Part 3 Poissons. pp. 647–720 pls 1–20 Paris.

Randall, J. E.  2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. i-xii + 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Randall, JE & Victor, BC (2013) Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839), a valid species of labrid fish from the southwest Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 8: 44-61. PDF Open access

Russell, B. 2010. Bodianus perditio. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 May 2014.

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384007

Biology:Capable of changing sex

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:9-50 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:46 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map