Darwin's Mudskipper, Periophthalmus darwini Larson & Takita 2004


A female Darwin's Mudskipper, Periophthalmus darwini, from Purutu Island, Fly River delta, Papua New Guinea. Source: Gianluca Polgar / FishBase . License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Periophthalmus darwini in Fishes of Australia, accessed 19 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/2261

Darwin's Mudskipper, Periophthalmus darwini Larson & Takita 2004

More Info


Distribution

Roebuck Bay, near Broome, Western Australia, and Darwin to Melville Island, Northern Territory. The species occurs elsewhere in Papua New Guinea.

Features

Dorsal fin V-VII + 10-12; Anal fin I, 11-13; Pectoral fin 11-13; Caudal-fin rays usually only with ventral-most 6-7 rays branched, dorsal-most 8-9 rays rarely branched; Lateral scales 58-78; Predorsal scales usually 24-25. 
Body depth at anal fin origin 10.6-14.6% of SL; Dorsal fin greatly reduced (depressed dorsal 5.1-9.6% of SL) in both sexes, usually with only five spines, fin widely separated from second dorsal fin origin; pelvic fins united for half their length, distinct fraenum present, posterior tips of fins pointed to bluntly pointed, fifth ray bifurcating close to base and branching about 9 times.

Colour

First dorsal fin plain blackish except for slightly paler base and narrow whitish margin; second dorsal fin translucent with broad submarginal black band and a row of black spots or blotches along fin base; no melanophores on anal fin; pelvic fins whitish or with some fine speckling; orange spots may be present on lower side of head and body.

Etymology

The species is named darwini for the naturalist Charles Darwin, after whom Darwin Harbour (the type locality) was named.

Species Citation

Periophthalmus darwini Larson & Takita 2004, Beagle, Rec. Mus. Art Gall. N. T. 20: 176, figs 1-2. Type locality: Mickett Creek, Shoal Bay, Northern Territory.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Darwin's Mudskipper, Periophthalmus darwini Larson & Takita 2004

References


Jaafar, Z. & Larson, H.K. 2008. A new species of mudskipper, Periophthalmus takita (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Oxudercinae), from Australia, with a key to the genus. Zoological Science (Tokyo) 25: 946–952 

Jaafar, Z. & Murdy, E.O. (eds) 2017. Fishes Out of Water: Biology and Ecology of Mudskippers. Boca Rotan, Florida : CRC Press 390 pp.

Larson, H.K. & Takita, T. 2004. Two new species of Periophthalmus (Teleostei: Gobiidae, Oxudercinae) from northern Australia, and a re-diagnosis of Periophthalmus novaeguineaensis. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 20: 175-185 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Murdy, E.O. 1989. A taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of the oxudercine gobies (Gobiidae: Oxudercinae). Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 11: 1-93 figs 1-98 pls 1-3 (in part as Periophthalmus novaeguineaensis)

Murdy, E,O. & Jaafar, Z. 2017. Chapter 1: Taxonomy and Systematics Review. pp. 1-36 in Jaafar, Z. & Murdy, E.O. (eds). Fishes Out of Water: Biology and Ecology of Mudskippers. Boca Rotan, Florida : CRC Press 390 pp.

Polgar, G., Sacchetti, A. & Galli, P. 2010.  Differentiation and adaptive radiation of amphibious gobies (Gobiidae: Oxudercinae) in semi-terrestrial habitats. Journal of Fish Biology 77: 1645–1664 DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02807.x Abstract

Takita, T., Larson, H.K. &.Ishimatsu, A. 2011. The natural history of mudskippers in northern Australia, with field identification characters. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 27: 189-204

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37428386

Biology:Amphibious

Habitat:Mangrove areas, mudflats

Max Size:4.5 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map