Cave Cardinalfish, Zapogon evermanni Jordan & Snyder 1904

Other Names: Cave Cardinal, Evermann's Cardinalfish, Oddscale Cardinalfish

A Cave Cardinalfish, Zapogon evermanni, on North West Cape, Western Australia, August 2018. Source: glen_whisson / License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A yellowish to reddish or reddish-brown cardinalfish with a broad dark bar on the head through the eye, and a black spot on the body at the rear of the dorsal fin, followed by a small white spot just behind.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Zapogon evermanni in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Nov 2019,

Cave Cardinalfish, Zapogon evermanni Jordan & Snyder 1904

More Info


North West Cape to Barrow Island, Western Australiae; also Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal. in tropical seas.
Usually shelters deep inside caves and under crevices on deep outer reefs during the day


Dorsal fin VI + I, 9; Anal fin II, 8.
Lateral-line scales large, well spaced; small ctenoid scales.

Species Citation

Apogon evermanni Jordan & Snyder 1904, Proc. U. S. Natl Mus. 28(1386): 123. Type locality: Hawaiian Islands.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Cave Cardinalfish, Zapogon evermanni Jordan & Snyder 1904


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.  

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Gilmore, G. & Fraser, T. 2015. Zapogon evermanni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T185933A1791105. Downloaded on 17 August 2018.

Jordan, D.S. & Snyder, J.O. 1904. Description of a new species of fish (Apogon evermanni) from the Hawaiian Islands, with notes on other species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 28(1386): 123-126

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203 

Randall, J.E. 1998. Review of the cardinalfishes (Apogonidae) of the Hawaiian Islands, with descriptions of two new species. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 3(1): 25-38 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E. & Böhlke, J.E. 1981. The status of the Cardinalfishes Apogon evermanni and A. anisolepsssis (Perciformes : Apogonidae) with description of a related new species from the Red Sea. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences 133: 129-140.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37327055

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:8-120 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map