Longnose Trevally, Carangoides chrysophrys (Cuvier 1833)


Other Names: Club-nosed Trevally, Dusky Trevally, Grunting Trevally, Long-nose Trevally, Long-nosed Trevally, Tea-leaf Trevally

A Longnose Trevally, Carangoides chrysophrys, on the Gold Coast Seaway, southern Queensland, September 2013. Source: Ian Shaw / iNaturalist.org. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A silvery to bluish-green trevally becoming silver with yellowish-green reflections below, with a black spot on the upper margin of the gill cover, long pectoral fins that extend to the straight part of the lateral line, and a blunt snout.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Carangoides chrysophrys in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Aug 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4258

Longnose Trevally, Carangoides chrysophrys (Cuvier 1833)

More Info


Distribution

Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Bermagui, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
Adults are pelagic on deeper coastal reefs, while juveniles usually inhabit inshore areas, including estuaries.

Features

Dorsal fin VIII, + I, 18-20; Anal fin III, 14-17; Gill rakers (first arch) 5-9, (second arch 15-18); Scutes 20-37 (weak); Vertebrae 24.
Pectoral fins falcate; breast scaleless to behind pelvic origin and laterally to pectoral base; soft dorsal-fin lobe falcate in juveniles with anterior rays extended into filaments, lobe becoming shorter than head in adults; first 2 anal-fin spines detached.

Feeding

Carnivore - feeds on crustaceans and small fishes.

Fisheries

Taken as bycatch in commercial fisheries.

Similar Species

Differs from other similar species in having  the following combination of characters: scalation of the breast area (naked area of breast does not extend above the pectoral fin), number of gill rakers (21-24) and fin-ray counts (dorsal 19-20, anal 15-16).

Etymology

The specific name chrysophrys is from Greek and means golden eyebrow.

Species Citation

Caranx chrysophrys Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 9: 77, pl. 247. Type locality: Seychelles.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Longnose Trevally, Carangoides chrysophrys (Cuvier 1833)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Al-Rasady, I., Govender, A. & Al-Jufaili, S.M. 2012. Reproductive biology of longnose trevally (Carangoides chrysophrys) in the Arabian Sea, Oman. Environmental Biology of Fishes 93(2): 177-184.

Brewer, D.T., Blaber, S.J.M. & Salini, J.P. 1991. Predation on penaeid prawns by fishes in Albatross Bay, Gulf of Carpentaria. Marine Biology 109(2): 231–240. 

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1833. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 9 512 pp. pls 246-279. 

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. 

Gunn, J.S. 1990. A revision of selected genera of the family Carangidae (Pisces) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 12: 1-77 

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Indonesian Reef Fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Australia : Zoonetics pp. 1-302.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Lin, P.-L., Shao, K.-T. 1999. A review of the carangid fishes (Family Carangidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of four new records. Zoological Studies 38 (1): 33–68.

Ramm, D.C., Pender, P.J., R.S. Willing, R.S. & Buckworth, R.C. 1990. Large-scale spatial patterns of abundance within the assemblage of fish caught by prawn trawlers in Northern Australian waters. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 41(1): 79-95.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. 

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. 2016. Carangoides chrysophrys (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T20257324A115371478. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T20257324A46664049.en. Downloaded on 09 July 2018.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds).  FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37337011

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:15-105 m

Fishing:Commercial/recreational fish

Habitat:Reef associated, pelagic

Max Size:72 cm FL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map