Yellowlip Emperor, Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger 1870


Other Names: Klunzinger's Emperor, Red-spot Emperor, Yellow-lip Emperor

A Yellowlip Emperor, Lethrinus xanthochilus, on Norman Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Source: Anthony Pearson / Flickr. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A yellowish-grey emperor, with a yellowish upper lip, yellowish fins, a red spot on the upper pectoral-fin base, and often dark spots scattered on the sides.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Lethrinus xanthochilus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Mar 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1229

Yellowlip Emperor, Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger 1870

More Info


Distribution

Offshore reefs of north Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, Goodrich Bank, Timor Sea, Northern Territory, and the northern Great Barrier Reef to at least lady Elliot Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland; also Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indo-west-central Pacific. Although widespread common in parts of its range, this species is not often seen on the Great Barrier Reef.

Inhabits seagrass beds, sand and rubble areas in lagoons and deep reef channels, in depths to 150 m.

Feeding

Feeds mostly on crustaceans, fishes and echinoderms.

Fisheries

Heavily exploited in many parts of its range.

Species Citation

Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger 1870, Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 20: 753. Type locality: Al-Qusair, Egypt, Red Sea.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Yellowlip Emperor, Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger 1870

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21 

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Carpenter, K.E. 2001. Sparidae, Lethrinidae. pp. 2990-3050 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. 

Carpenter, K.E. & Allen, G.R. 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. No. 125, Vol. 9. Rome : FAO 118 pp. 

Carpenter, K.E., Lawrence, A. & Myers, R. 2016. Lethrinus xanthochilus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T16720577A16722345. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T16720577A16722345.en. Downloaded on 24 August 2018.

Currey, L.M., Williams, A.J., Mapstone, B.D., Davies, CR., Carlos, G., Welch, D.J., Simpfendorfer, C.A., Ballagh, A.C., Penny, A.L., Grandcourt, E.M., Mapleston, A., Wiebkin, A.S. & Bean, K. 2013. Comparative biology of tropical Lethrinus species (Lethrinidae): challenges for multi-species management. Journal of Fish Biology 82(3): 764-788.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. 

Hobbs, J.-P.A., Ayling, A.M., Choat, J.H., Gilligan, J.J., McDonald, C.A., Neilson, J. & Newman, S.J. 2010. New records of marine fishes illustrate the biogeographic importance of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 2422: 63–68 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202  See ref online, Open access

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 See ref online, Open access 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Klunzinger, C.B. 1870. Synopsis der Fische des Rothen Meeres, 1. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 20: 669-834 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37351020

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:5-150 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:70 cm FL

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CAAB distribution map