Yellowstriped Leatherjacket, Meuschenia flavolineata Hutchins 1977


Other Names: Orange-tailed Leatherjacket, Yellow-stripe Leatherjacket, Yellow-striped Leatherjacket, Yellowtail Leatherjacket, Yellow-tailed Leatherjacket

A female Yellowstriped Leatherjackets, Meuschenia flavolineata, in Geographe Bay, Western Australia. Source: Rick Stuart-Smith / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution

Summary:

A blackish to greenish brown leatherjacket, with a large yellow or orange blotch on the tail base, often continued as a yellow stripe along the midsides.

Males have a patch of fine bristles and two pairs of large spines on the tail base. Females and juveniles lack the bristles and the spines are small to minute.


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J., Meuschenia flavolineata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1283

Yellowstriped Leatherjacket, Meuschenia flavolineata Hutchins 1977

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to temperate waters of southern Australia, from Broughton Island (New South Wales) to Dongarra (Western Australia).

The Yellowstriped Leatherjacket inhabits coastal reefs, particularly those offshore, in depths of 1-30 m. Often seen in pairs.

Features

Dorsal fin II + 33-37' Anal fin 31-35; Caudal fin 12; Pectoral fin 11-12; Vertebrae 20.

Body rather elongate in males; body oblong, of moderate depth, somewhat deeper in females; very compressed, with a small ventral flap; caudal peduncle shallow. 

Head large, broadly pointed; eyes small; mouth very small; teeth large, central pair in both jaws pointed; gill openings in form of small slit mostly above each pectoral fin base. 

Skin velvety to touch;  two pairs of spines on each side of caudal peduncle, enlarged, curving forwards and preceded by dense patch of fine bristles in males, small to minute in females and juveniles; lateral line difficult to detect. 

Two dorsal fins, first dorsal above eyes, consisting of prominent spine with small to minute barbs, spine partly received into shallow groove when depressed, second dorsal widely separated from first, of moderate length, outer margin slightly convex, not elevated anteriorly; anal fin similar to and opposing second dorsal; caudal fin truncate. Pectoral fins moderately small, rounded. Pelvic fin rudiment small but obvious, immovably attached to rear end of pelvis.

Size

To 30 cm TL

Colour

Adults blackish-brown to greenish-brown with a greenish-yellow to orange area on the caudal peduncle, often extending as a yellowish stripe along midside of body;  rays of dorsal and anal fins yellowish brown; caudal fin dark brown to black.  Females with yellow blotch anteriorly.  Juveniles usually pale greenish brown with small irregular pale blotches and spots on sides.

Feeding

Carnivore - feed on benthic invertebrates.

Fisheries

Of no interest to fisheries.

Etymology

The species name flavolineata refers to the yellow stripe along the sides.

Species Citation

Meuschenia flavolineata Hutchins, 1977, Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 5(1): 40. Type locality: Rottnest Island, Western Australia

Author

Bray, D.J.

Yellowstriped Leatherjacket, Meuschenia flavolineata Hutchins 1977

References


Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp.

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2, 624 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 1977. Descriptions of three new genera and eight new species of monacanthid fishes from Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 5(1): 3-58 figs 1-13

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. Family Monacanthidae. pp. 866-891 figs 767-787 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270

Hutchins, J.B. 2008. Family Monacanthidae. pp. 822-841 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs.

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37465035

Behaviour:1-30 metres

Habitat:Reef associated

Habitat:Reef associated

Habitat:Rocky reefs

Max Size:30 cm TL

Native:Endemic

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