Marjorie's Hardyhead, Craterocephalus marjoriae Whitley 1948


Other Names: Marjorie's Freshwater Hardyhead, Silverstreak Hardyhead, Silver-streak Hardyhead

Marjorie's Hardyhead, Craterocephalus marjoriae. Source: Gerald R. Allen. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
Marjories’s Hardyhead is found only in Queensland and New South Wales and prefers clear tropical streams. During the warmer months they spawn multiple times contributing to their high abundance. The upper jaw of this silvery-yellow coloured species protrudes slightly when the mouth is closed.

Cite this page as:
Vanessa J. Thompson, Craterocephalus marjoriae in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Dec 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1376

Marjorie's Hardyhead, Craterocephalus marjoriae Whitley 1948

More Info


Distribution

Known only from the Mary River, QLD  to the Clarence River, NSW (28º40´S). Inhabiting tropical freshwater habitats in shallow water with sand or gravel substrates. Shoal forming in clear flowing streams often around aquatic vegetation.

Features

D1 V-VII; D2 I, 6-8; A I, 6-9; P 12-16; vertebrae 32-33; GR in 1st lower arch 8-10

Body laterally compressed, moderately deep and elongate; greatest body depth 3.8-4.8 in SL; head blunt and slightly flattened, sloping towards the snout; snout acutely pointed; mouth small, not reaching eye, oblique and protrusible; teeth small, sharp, inwardly pointing in 2 rows in upper jaws and single row in dentary; upper jaw overhangs lower when mouth closed.

Body scales cycloid, large, almost rectangular with prominent circuli; vertical scale rows 27-30; horizontal scale rows 5-7.

No produced fin-spines; two separate dorsal fins; origin of first dorsal just behind origin of ventral fin; origin of second dorsal fin above origin of anal fin; anal fin base longer than that of second dorsal, about half its distance from caudal fin; third pectoral ray longest, reaching to above ventral base which is forward of level of first dorsal; caudal fin moderately forked.

Size

To 8.5cm SL, commonly to 5cm.

Colour

Head and belly silvery, body yellowish with a faint silver to golden mid-lateral stripe, sometimes with a dark upper edge, that becomes more pronounced in breeding males. Scale margins dusky dorsally.

Feeding

Microphagic omnivore feeding on algae, micro-crustaceans, aquatic insects, fish eggs, molluscs and terrestrial invertebrates.

Biology

Multiple spawning episodes between September and January, with peak activity at the beginning of the season; spawn in pairs depositing adhesive eggs amongst aquatic vegetation. Eggs large 1.15-1.25 mm diameter with adhesive filaments. Larvae hatch after 6-7 days at around 5.7 mm SL.

Fisheries

No existing fishery

Conservation

Not listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
lNot listed under the Australian EPBC Act.

Similar Species

Craterocephalus marjoriae is most similar to C. cuniceps but differs in scale counts and the position of the ventral fins which are positioned forward of the 1st dorsal fin in C. marjoriae compared to opposite the 1st dorsal in C. cuniceps.

Etymology

Generic name Craterocephalus comes from the Greek meaning bowl or basin and head, possibly in reference to the strong head of species in this genus.

Species Citation

Craterocephalus marjoriae Whitley, G.P. (1948). Studies in Ichthyology No. 13. Rec. Aust. Mus. 22(1): 70–94 figs 1–11 [85 fig. 7]. Eidsvold, Burnett River, QLD.

Author

Vanessa J. Thompson

Marjorie's Hardyhead, Craterocephalus marjoriae Whitley 1948

References


Allen, G.R. (1989). Freshwater Fishes of Australia.  Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications pp. 1–240

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. (2002). Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia.  Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp.

Crowley, L.E.L.M. & Ivantsoff, W. (1992). Redefinition of the freshwater fish genus Craterocephalus (Teleostei: Atherinidae) of Australia and New Guinea with an analysis of three species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshw. 3(3): 273–287

Grant, E.M. (2002). Guide to Fishes.  Redcliffe : E.M. Grant Pty. Limited 9th Edn  880 pp. [808].

Lintermans M. (2007) Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: An introductory guide. Murray-Darling Basin Commission, Canberra. 157 pp.

McDowall, R.M. (1996). Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia.  Sydney : Reed Books 2nd Edn  247 pp.

Milton D.A. & Arthington A. (1983) Reproduction and growth of Craterocephalus marjoriae and C. stercusmuscarum (Pisces: Atherinidae) in south-eastern Queensland, Australia. Freshwater Biology 13(6): 589-597

Pusey B., Kennard M. & Arthington A. (2004) Freshwater fishes of north-eastern Australia. CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria 684pp

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37246025

Habitat:freshwater

Max Size:8.5 cm

Native:endemic

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