Agassiz's Glassfish, Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867


Other Names: Agassiz's Chanda Perch, Agassiz's Chanda-perch, Chanda Perch, Doody, Glassy Perchlet, Inland Chanda Perch, Olive Perchlet, Pale Perchlet, Silver Spray, Von Mueller's Perchlet, Western Chanda Perch, Western Olive Perchlet

Agassiz's Glassfish, Ambassis agassizii. Source: Gunther Schmida / http://www.guntherschmida.com.au. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 3.0

Summary:

A small silvery olive to semi-transparent glassfish often with dusky scale margins forming a network pattern, and broad dusky margins on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins. Agassiz's Glassfish occurs in a variety of freshwater habitats in the Murray-Darling basin, although the species is naturally extinct in South Australia and Victoria.


Cite this page as:
Vanessa J. Thompson & Dianne J. Bray, Ambassis agassizii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 19 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1581

Agassiz's Glassfish, Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to NSW and QLD, (and formerly in SA and VIC) throughout the Murray-Darling system. Known from Rockhampton, QLD to Lake Hiawatha, NSW, and a translocated population in Swan Reach, SA. The species is thought to be naturally extinct in South Australia and Victoria.

Agassiz's Glassfish inhabits lakes, creeks, swamps, wetlands and rivers. Small schools are often seen around the vegetated edges of water bodies in areas of low flow.

Features

Dorsal fin VII, I, 7-9; Anal fin III, 7-9; Pectoral fin 11-13; Caudal fin14-15; Pelvic fin I, 5; Gill rakers 15-18 (lower limb first arch)

Body laterally compressed, elongate-oval shaped; greatest body depth 33.8 to 43.6 % SL; head length 35.1 to 40.4 % SL; snout length 7.1 to 9.6 % SL; eye large, diameter 11.6 to 14.8 % SL; mouth large, oblique; reach edge of jaw reaching to front of eye; teeth conical in jaws, on vomer and palatines; head with small spines; lateral line incomplete or in two sections, first dorsally to below spinous portion of dorsal with 0-11 tubed scales, second midlaterally on caudal peduncle with 0-15 pored scales.

Scales are cycloid and large, present on head; horizontal scale rows 10-12; vertical scale rows 24-27; cheek with 2 transverse scale rows.

Dorsal fin deeply notched, origin forward of pelvic fins; first dorsal spine small, projecting forward; anal fin below soft rays of dorsal fin; height of first dorsal fin 18.4 to 27.6 % SL; second dorsal spine longer than third dorsal spine or these spines about equal; third anal spine longer than second anal spine; anal and dorsal fins with scaly basal sheath; pectoral fins of moderate size; ventral fins large; caudal fin forked with rounded tips.

Size

To 7.6 cm SL

Colour

Olive to semi-transparent with dusky scale margins forming a network pattern; a thin black line along middle of side, particularly evident on posterior half; fins mainly translucent except membrane between second and third dorsal-fin spines frequently blackish, and often a dusky, blackish blotch or vertical band on posterior portion of soft dorsal and anal fins, and similar marking on anterior part of pelvic fins.

Feeding

Carnivore - feeds on mostly on small insects and crustaceans.

Biology

The entire lifecycle is completed in freshwater, and males and females mature at 1 year of age. Spawning occurs from September to December amongst aquatic vegetation in water temperatures between 23-25 C. Females lay small adhesive spherical eggs (0.7 mm diameter) that attach to aquatic vegetation and rocks on the bottom.

Larvae hatch after 5-7 days at 22ºC at a length of 3 mmTL. Swimming and feeding commences after 4-5 days (up to 9 days). Larvae school at the surface for around a month.

Fisheries

Sold in the aquarium industry.

Conservation

  • IUCN Red List : Data Deficient
  • This species has undergone a significant decline in most of the Murray Darling Basin, and is naturally extinct in South Australia and Victoria.

    Although the reasons for this decline are largely unknown, habitat degradation, predation by introduced species (especially by Eastern Gambusia and Redfin Perch), and river regulation are be contributing factors.

    Similar Species

    Ambassis agassizii is similar in appearance to Ambassis sp. (Northwest Glassfish) of north-western and central Australia but differs in having a shorter spinous dorsal fin and fewer scales in a complete row around the caudal peduncle (=14 versus 15-16 in A. sp.)

    Etymology


    Species Citation

    Ambassis agassizii  Steindachner, 1867, Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 55(1): 9. Type locality: Fitzroy River, Queensland.

    Author

    Vanessa J. Thompson & Dianne J. Bray

    Resources

    Australian Faunal Directory

    Names List (junior synonyms)

  • Ambassis muelleri Klunzinger, 1880
  • Pseudoambassis castelnaui Macleay, 1881
  • Pseudambassis pallidus De Vis, 1884
  • Pseudambassis nigripinnis De Vis, 1884
  • Priopis olivaceus Ogilby, 1910
  • Priopis nigripinnis Ogilby, 1910
  • Agassiz's Glassfish, Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867

    References


    Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia.  Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications pp. 1–240

    Allen, G.R. 1996. Family Chandidae. pp. 146-149 in McDowall, R.M. (ed.). Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp.

    Allen, G.R. & Burgess, W.E. 1990. A review of the glass-fishes (Ambassidae) of Australia and New Guinea. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. Suppl. 34: 139–206.

    Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia.  Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp.

    Arthington, A.H. & F. McKenzie. 1997. Review of impacts of displaced/introduced fauna associated with inland waters. Australia: State of the Environment Technical Paper Series (Inland waters), Department of the Environment, Canberra (Australia). 69 p.

    Axelrod, H.R., W.E. Burgess, N. Pronek & J.G. Walls, 1991. Dr. Axelrod's Atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Sixth edition. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.

    Cadwallader, P.L. & Backhouse, G.N. 1983. A Guide to the Freshwater Fish of Victoria.  Melbourne : F.D. Atkinson Government Printer 249 pp. (as A. castelnaui )

    Classon, B. & S. Booth. 2002. Freshwater fishes of Australia. Australian Fishing Network, Croydon South, VIC. 128 p.

    Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes.  Redcliffe : E.M. Grant Pty. Limited 9th Edn  880 pp. (as A. nigripinnis).

    Lake, J.S. 1971. Freshwater fishes and rivers of Australia. Thomas Nelson Ltd., Australia. 61 pp.

    Lee, C. 1975. Fish for Australian freshwater aquariums. P. Hamlyn, Sydney. 144 pp.

    Legget, R. 1984. The Olive Perchlet Ambassis nigripinnis, Fishes of Sahul 1: 29-30. (as Ambassis nigripinnis)

    Leggett, R. & Merrick, J.R. 1987. Australian Native Fishes for Aquariums. Artarmon : J.R. Merrick Publications 241 pp. (as Ambassis nigripinnis)

    Lintermans, M. 2009. Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: An Introductory Guide. Murray Darling Basin Authority, Canberra 157 pp.

    Llewellyn, L.C. 1980. Family Ambassidae. Chanda Perches, in McDowall, R.M. (ed) 1980. Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed 208 pp., figs, 32 pls. (p. 140, as Ambassis castelnaui and Ambassis nigripinnis)

    Llewellyn, L.C. 2008. Observations on the breeding biology of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner, 1867 (Teleostei: Ambassidae) from the Murray Darling Basin in New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 34(4): 476-498. PDF Open access

    Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management.  Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp

    Pusey, B.J., A.H. Arthington & M.G. Read, 1995. Species richness and spatial variation in fish assemblage structure in two rivers of the wet tropics of northern Queensland, Australia. Environ. Biol. Fish. 42(2): 181-199.

    Pusey B., Kennard M. & Arthington A. 2004. Freshwater Fishes of North-Eastern Australia. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria. 684 pp.

    Steindachner, F. 1867. Über einige Fische aus dem Fitzroy-Flusse bei Rockhampton in Ost-Australien. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 55(1): 9–16 figs 1–2

    Unmack, P.J. 2001. Biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography 28: 1053-1089.

    World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1996. Ambassis agassizii. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 July 2012.

    Quick Facts


    CAAB Code:37310009

    Behaviour:7.6 cm SL

    Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

    Fishing:Aquarium fish

    Habitat:Freshwater

    Native:Endemic

    Species Image Gallery

    Species Maps

    CAAB distribution map