Pearl Perch, Glaucosoma scapulare Macleay 1881

Other Names: Bull-eye, Epaulette-fish, Nannygai, Pearly

A Pearl Perch, Glaucosoma scapulare, at North Rock, northern New South Wales, March 2014. Source: Ian Shaw / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A silvery-grey pearl perch with a pearly sheen, small golden-brown spots on upper sides, a distinctive bony shield at the top of the gill opening, a dark blotch at rear of the dorsal-fin base, and a small dark spot on inner pectoral-fin base. Juveniles have a dusky brown bar band through the eye.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Glaucosoma scapulare in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 Mar 2019,

Pearl Perch, Glaucosoma scapulare Macleay 1881

More Info


Endemic to eastern Australia, from Rockhampton, Queensland, to Port Jackson, New South Wales.
Often occurs on deeper reefs in small to medium-sized schools.

Species Citation

Glaucosoma scapulare Macleay 1881, Proc. Linn Soc N. S. W. 1 5(3): 334, pl. 13.Type locality: Port Jackson, NSW.


Dianne J. Bray

Pearl Perch, Glaucosoma scapulare Macleay 1881


Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Macleay, W.J. 1881. Descriptive catalogue of the fishes of Australia. Part 1. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 5(3): 302-444.

McKay, R.J. 1997. FAO Species Catalogue. Pearl Perches of the World (Family Glaucosomatidae. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 17. 1-26 pp.

McKay, R.J. 2001. Family Glaucosomatidae. pp. 3205-3209 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Prokop, F. 2002. Australian Fish Guide. Croydon South, Victoria : Australian Fishing Network 256 pp.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37320003

Depth:20-250 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Max Size:70 cm TL

Max Size:Reef associated


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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map