King Gar, Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792)


Other Names: Bill Fish, Billfish, Saurie, Saury, Skipper

A King Gar, Scomberesox saurus, collected in the Tasman Sea during the 2003 NORFANZ expedition. Source: Robin McPhee / NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: All rights reserved

Summary:

Slender, elongate fishes with a small mouth, long beak-like extensions of upper and lower jaws, lower slightly longer than upper, short-based dorsal and anal fins far back on the body, followed by 5-7 finlets and a deeply forked symmetrical tail.

Dark blue to brownish above, silvery white below, with broad silver lateral stripe, a dark blue or green spot at pectoral-fin base and blue tail and dorsal finlets.


Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Scomberesox saurus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2101

King Gar, Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792)

More Info


Distribution

Widespread the Southern Hemisphere and North Atlantic Ocean. Found in the southern half of Australia, from about Sydney, New South Wales, to about Green Head, Western Australia.

The King Gar forms schools in the open ocean, and occasionally enters bays and estuaries.

Features

Meristic features:
Dorsal fin 10-12; 6 finlets
Anal fin 12-13; 7 finlets
Caudal fin 16-17
Pectoral fin 12-14
Pelvic fin 6
Lateral line 107-128

Body. slender, elongate, with a small mouth and long beak-like extensions of the upper and lower jaws, lower jaw slightly longer than upper; short-based dorsal and anal fins far back on the body, followed by 5-7 finlets and a deeply forked symmetrical tail.

Size

 To 45 cm.

Colour

Dark blue to brownish above, silvery white below, with broad silver lateral stripe, a dark blue or green spot at pectoral-fin base and blue tail and dorsal finlets.

Feeding

Carnivores, feed mostly on plankton in the open ocean.

Conservation

  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not Evaluated
  • Remarks

    This species is preyed upon by many marine animals.

    Species Citation

  • Esox saurus Walbaum, J.J., in Artedi, P. 1792. Synonymia nominum Piscium fere omnium; Ichthyologiae. Edn 2 Grypeswaldiae Pars 4 143 pp. [92].
    Type locality:
     Cornwall, England.
  • Author

    Dianne J. Bray

    King Gar, Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792)

    References


  • Aizawa, M. 2002. Families Hemiramphidae, Exocoetidae, Belonidae, Scomberesocidae. pp. 1516-1518 in Nakabo, T. (ed.). Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. English edition. Tokyo : Toikai University Press pp. 867-1749.
  • Gomon, M.F. 1994. Families Exocoetidae, Hemiramphidae, Scomberesocidae. pp. 383-393 figs 343-351 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.
  • Gomon, M.F 2008. Family Scomberesocidae. pp. 409 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.
  • Hubbs, C.L. & Wisner, R.L. 1980. Revision of the sauries (Pisces, Scomberesocidae) with descriptions of two new genera and one new species. Fishery Bulletin (U.S.) 77(3): 521-566 figs 1-17
  • Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.
  • Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.
  • Lacépède, B.G. 1803. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : chez Plassan Vol. 5 803 pp. 21 pls.
  • May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.
  • Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961]
  • Parin, N.V. 1973. Family Exocoetidae. pp. 263-267 in Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, T. (eds). Checklist of the Fishes of the North-Eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Paris : UNESCO Vol. 1 683 pp.
  • Paxton, J.R., J.E. Gates & D.J. Bray 2006. Scomberesocidae. pp. 721-722 in Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3 2178 pp.
  • Prokop, F. 2002. Australian Fish Guide. Croydon South, Victoria : Australian Fishing Network 256 pp.
  • Walbaum, J.J. in Artedi, P. 1792. Synonymia nominum Piscium fere omnium; Ichthyologiae. Edn 2 Grypeswaldiae Pars 4 143 pp. [92].
  • Quick Facts


    CAAB Code:37236001

    Fishing:Carnivore - plankton

    Habitat:Open ocean

    Max Size:45 cm

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