Rough Bullseye, Pempheris klunzingeri McCulloch 1911


Other Names: Klunzinger's Bullseye

A Rough Bullseye, Pempheris klunzingeri, in Rapid Bay, South Australia. Source: Graham Short. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 3.0

Summary:

A pale bronze to coppery-brown sweeper with a darker bar on the rear of the gill cover above the pectoral-fin base, a distinctly yellow or brown lateral line, a black leading edge and tip on the dorsal fin, and often dark margins on the anal and caudal fins.


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Pempheris klunzingeri in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2485

Rough Bullseye, Pempheris klunzingeri McCulloch 1911

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to Australia from Kangaroo Island, South Australia, to Shark Bay, Western Australia. Forms schools around rocky reefs to at least 40 m depth, but usually above 20 m.

Features

Dorsal fin V, 10-12; Anal fin III, 35-43; Caudal fin 17; Pectoral fin 16-18; Pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral-line scales 69-80. 

Body deep, 37–52% SL, moderately elongate, very compressed; caudal peduncle slender. Head moderately small 26–35% SL; eyes very large 40–48% HL; mouth moderately large, nearly vertical, upper jaw length 50–60% HL, maxillae reaching to below middle of eyes; teeth small, conical, band in each jaw with outermost largest, becoming smaller posteriorly; spines absent from head; preopercular margins with bony processes.  
Scales small, ctenoid, strongly attached, covering body and head except for snout, present on basal portion of anal fin; lateral line nearly straight, extending to margin of caudal fin.  
Single high dorsal fin with short base located centrally on back; anal fin with elongate base, first few rays considerably longer than those posteriorly; caudal fin forked. Pectoral fins prominent, upper rays much longer than those below. Pelvic fins arising below posterior side of pectoral fin bases, reaching anus.

Colour

Pale yellowish brown to dark brown with yellow to orange bar behind head above pectoral fin base, lateral line distinctly yellow or brown; leading edge and tip of dorsal fin, distal margin of anal fin and usually margin of caudal fin black.

Species Citation

Pempheris klunzingeri McCulloch, 1911, Zool. Res. Endeavour 1: 47. Type locality: King Georges Sound, Western Australia.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Rough Bullseye, Pempheris klunzingeri McCulloch 1911

References


Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Pempherididae. pp. 606-611 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.

Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die v. Müller'sche Sammlung Australischer Fische. Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Wien 16(22): 254-261.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

McCulloch, A.R. 1911. Report on the fishes obtained by the F.I.S. Endeavour on the coasts of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. Part 1. Zoological (Biological) Results. Endeavour 1(1): 1-87 figs 1-20 pls 1-16. 

Mooi, R.D. 2008. Family Pempheridae. pp. 592-595 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37357003

Behaviour:Reef associated

Biology:Bioluminescent

Depth:2-40 m

Max Size:21 cm TL

Native:Endemic

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CAAB distribution map