Bigscale Bullseye, Pempheris multiradiata Klunzinger 1879


Other Names: Big-scaled Bullseye, Common Bullseye, Large-scaled Bullseye

A Bigscale Bullseye, Pempheris multiradiata, at Bare Island, Botany Bay, New South Wales, May 2016. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:

A pale to dark purplish-brown bullseye, sometimes silvery below, with 8–10 darker horizontal stripes along the sides, and dusky to dark fins. Juveniles are mostly translucent with a bronze to yellowish tinge above, a black leading edge on the dorsal fin, a black tip on the anal fin, and yellow pelvic fins with black tips.  


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Pempheris multiradiata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2486

Bigscale Bullseye, Pempheris multiradiata Klunzinger 1879

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to southern Australia from Newcastle, New South Wales, to about Rottnest Island, Western Australia, and around Tasmania. Inhabits rocky reefs in depths to 70 m, usually above 30 m. The species forms schools beneath ledges and in caves during the day, becoming active at dusk darting about in search of food.

Features

Dorsal fin  V, 11–1; Anal fin III, 32–39; Caudal fin 17; Pectoral fin 16–17; pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral-line acales 42–50.

Body depth 41–52% SL; head length 28–37% SL; eye diameter 42–52% HL; mouth nearly vertical, upper jaw length 50–55% HL; lateral scales large and cycloid, ctenoid and smaller anterior to anal and ventral fins and along back, all weakly attached; ventral fins reaching anus.  Most common member of family in southern waters; juveniles form schools, but adults more frequently seen singularly or in small groups; fish become active at dusk darting about in search of food.  Other common names:  Big scaled Bullseye, Common Bullseye, Large-scaled Bullseye.   Pempheris multiradiatus Klunzinger, 1879,  Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 16(22): 254-261, King George Sound, Western Australia.

Size

Reaches 28 cm.

Colour

Pale to dark purplish brown, sometimes silvery below, with 8–10 horizontal darker stripes on sides; fins generally dusky to dark. Juveniles are mostly translucent with a bronze to yellow tinge dorsally; leading edge of dorsal and tips of anal fins black; ventral fins yellow with black tips.  

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Bigscale Bullseye, Pempheris multiradiata Klunzinger 1879

References


Edgar, G.J. 2000. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 544 pp.

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Pempherididae. pp. 606-611 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.

Jubb, R.N. 1977. A revision of the Australian fishes of the family Pempheridae (Pisces : Perciformes). Unpublished Honours Thesis, Macquarie Univeristy, Sydney 62 pp. 14 figs.

Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die v. Müller'sche Sammlung Australischer Fische. Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Wien 16(22): 254-261.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. 

Macleay, W.J. 1881. Descriptive catalogue of the fishes of Australia. Part 2. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 5(4): 510-629 pls 13-14 (as Pempheris macrolepis)

Mooi, R.D. &. Jubb, R.N. 1996. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Pempheris (Pisces: Pempheridae) from Australia, with a provisional key to Australian species. Records of the Australian Museum 48(2): 117-130.

Ogilby, J.D. 1885. Descriptions of three new fishes from Port Jackson. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 10(3): 445-447 (as Pempheris lineatus)

Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs. (as Liopempheris multiradiata)

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37357001

Biology:Bioluminescent

Depth:2-70 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:28 cm TL

Native:Endemic

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map