Ballina Angelfish, Chaetodontoplus ballinae Whitley 1959


Other Names: Arrow-backed Angel Fish

A Ballina Angelfish, Chaetodontoplus ballinae, at Balls Pyramid, near Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Source: Peter Parker. License: All rights reserved

Summary:

A striking black, white and yellow angelfish usually found on deeper reefs in eastern Australia and on the Lord Howe Rise in the Tasman Sea. Ballina angelfish are well-known to divers lucky enough to see them around Balls Pyramid near Lord Howe Island.

Video of a Ballina Angelfish at Balls Pyramid near Lord Howe Island.

Video of a Ballina Angelfish and Halfbanded Angelfish, Genicanthus semicinctus, at South East Rock, Balls Pyramid near Lord Howe Island (40 sec into video).


Cite this page as:
Bray, R.D. 2013, Chaetodontoplus ballinae in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jan 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2502

Ballina Angelfish, Chaetodontoplus ballinae Whitley 1959

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to warm temperate waters of eastern Australia, and known from off limited localities including off Stradbroke Island, Queensland, off Coffs Harbour, Ballina and North Solitary Island, Seal Rocks, northern New South Wales, and the Lord Howe Island region in the Tasman Sea. The species usually inhabits deeper coastal and offshore reefs, pinnacles and seamounts, in depths of 10-123 m.

Ballina Angelfish are relatively common around Balls Pyramid near Lord Howe Island, where they can be seen in areas with large boulders, rock stacks, pinnacles, caves and crevices.

Size

To 20 cm

Colour

Pearly white with a well-defined black band over the back and lower half of the dorsal fin, with the anterior end extending down as a bar over the pectoral-fin base; lips black, a dark bar through eye; anal fin, outer half of dorsal fin and pelvic fins white; eye, anterior dorsal-fin spines, caudal and pectoral fins yellow.

Feeding

Unknown, but possibly omnivores - other species in the genus Chaetodontoplus feed on sessile invertebrates such as sponges, tunicates and algae.

Biology

Almost nothing is known of the biology of this species. Individuals are often seen in pairs, and appear to occupy a home range.

Fisheries

Although of no interest to fisheries, on rare occasions, Ballina angelfish are taken as bycatch in fishing operations.

Conservation

IUCN Red List: Least Concern

EPBC Act 1999: Not listed

NSW Fisheries Management Act 1994: Protected

Similar Species

With its black, white and yellow colour-pattern Ballina angelfish are unique in the genus Chaetodontoplus.

Etymology

The species is named for the type locality, Ballina, a coastal town in northern New South Wales.

Species Citation

Chaetodontoplus ballinae Whitley 1959, Proc. Roy. Soc. N. S. W. 1957–58: 21. Type locality:  Ballina, NSW.

Author

Bray, R.D. 2013

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Ballina Angelfish, Chaetodontoplus ballinae Whitley 1959

References


Allen, G.R. 1980. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Volume II : 149-352.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R. & Allen, M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes and butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing / Tropical Reef Research, Perth, 250 pp

Coleman, N. 2002. Lord Howe Island Marine Park: sea shore to sea floor. World Heritage Wildlife Guide. Neville Coleman’s Underwater Geographic Pty Ltd.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H., Debelius, H. & Tanaka, H. 2003. Pomacanthidae, a Comprehensive Guide to Angelfishes. Melbourne : Zoonetics 206 pp.

NSW Department of Primary Industries, 2006. Ballina Angelfish : Chaetodontoplus ballinae. Primefact 163: 1-2. pdf

Marine Parks Authority, NSW. 2010. Natural values of the Lord Howe Island Marine Park: 1-48 pdf

Parker, P.G. 1994. Re-discovering the Ballina angelfish Chaetodontoplus ballinae (Pomacanthidae) Whitley, 1959: two new fish records for Lord Howe Island, Australia. Freshwater and Marine Aquarium (US), August 1994: 112–115.

Pogonoski, J.J., Pollard, D.A. & Paxton, J.R. 2002. Conservation Overview and Action Plan for Australian Threatened and Potentially Threatened Marine and Estuarine Fishes. Canberra : Environment Australia 375 pp. pdf

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Speare, P., Cappo, M., Rees, M., Brownlie, J. & Oxley, W. 2004. Deep water fish and benthic surveys in the Lord Howe Island Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters): February 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 30 pp.

Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World. Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed Vol. 1 144 pp. 216 figs

Whitley, G.P. 1959. Ichthyological snippets. The Australian Zoologist 12(4): 310-323 figs 1-3

Whitley, G.P. 1959. More ichthyological snippets. Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 1957–58: 11-26 figs 1-9.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37365063

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:10-200 m

Habitat:Rocky, coral reefs

Max Size:20 cm

Native:Endemic

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map