Heller's Barracuda, Sphyraena helleri Jenkins 1901


Heller's Barracuda, Sphyraena helleri, at Fiji. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:

Little is known about this small barracuda species which is usually found schooling near reefs.


Cite this page as:
Schultz, S., Sphyraena helleri in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Sep 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2553

Heller's Barracuda, Sphyraena helleri Jenkins 1901

More Info


Distribution

Distribution confined to the tropical and sub-tropical western and central pacific. In Australian waters, the species can be found in the Coral Sea off Queensland. Exact range uncertain due to problems with identification. A schooling species usually found near coral reefs and in lagoons. Distribution confined to the tropical and sub-tropical western and central pacific. In Australian waters, the species can be found in the Coral Sea off Queensland. Exact range uncertain due to problems with identification. A schooling species usually found near coral reefs and in lagoons.

Features

D VI, 9; A II, 7-9; Llat 140-150.

Maxilla (upper jaw) does not reach below anterior nostril. First gill arch with 1 gill raker. Tip of pectoral fin does not reach origin of first dorsal fin. Origin of first dorsal fin slightly posterior to origin of pelvic fin. Caudal fin forked in all stages, lobeless.

Size

To 60 cm.

Colour

Brownish dorsally, silvery on sides, fading to white ventrally. Two bright yellow stripes on sides, lower stripe does not reach the eye. Caudal fin dark.

Fisheries

Of no particular interest to Australian fisheries.

Conservation

None.

Similar Species

Confusing species include Sphyraena acutipinnis and S. noveahollandiae. The former has a single dark stripe along the body, a dark blotch above the pelvic fin origin and a maxilla that reaches to below the anterior nostril. The latter may be distinguished by its single yellow stripe.

Etymology

Named for Heller an ichthyologist working in the USA around the turn of the 19th century.

Species Citation

Sphyraena helleri Jenkins 1901, Bull. U. S. Fish Comm. 19(1899): 387, fig. 1, Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands.

Author

Schultz, S.

Heller's Barracuda, Sphyraena helleri Jenkins 1901

References


Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton, & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. in Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.

Senou, H. (2001). Sphyraenidae. pp. 3685-3697 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37382011

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