Redthroat Emperor, Lethrinus miniatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)


Other Names: Island Snapper, Lipper, Nannygai, Red-throat, Red-throated Emperor, Sweetlip, Sweet-lip, Sweetlip Emperor, Tricky Snapper, Trumpet Emperor, Trumpeter, Yellow-mouthed Perch, Yellow-mouthed Snapper

A Redthroat Emperor, Lethrinus miniatus, in a depth of 22 metres at North Solitary Island, New South Wales. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC By Attribution

Summary:
Identifying features: Body silver to pale greyish-brown, with a reddish head and sometimes with 8-9 darker bars; pectoral-fin base bright red; fins pale to reddish, spinous dorsal- and anal-fin membranes often bright red; red streak often present from snout to upper gill cover; lips often reddish; centre of each scale usually dark.

Video of Redthroat Emperor

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Lethrinus miniatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 May 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2753

Redthroat Emperor, Lethrinus miniatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)

More Info


Distribution

Recorded from Cape Freycinet, southern Western Australia, to Sydney, New South Wales, and Lord Howe and Norfolk islands, in the Tasman Sea. Found elsewhere in the tropical western Pacific.

Inhabits coral reefs, usually feeding in small schools over sandy and rubble areas between bommies and along reef edges during the day. At night, they move out onto open sandy areas to forage. 

Colour


Feeding

Carnivore - feeds on crustaceans, echinoderms, molluscs and fishes - preferring crabs and sea urchins.

Species Citation

Sparus miniatus Forster, 1801, Systema Ichthyologiae: 281. Type locality: New Caledonia.

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Redthroat Emperor, Lethrinus miniatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)

References


AFMA 2010. Norfolk Island Inshore Fishery Data Summary 2006-2009. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Canberra. 20 pp.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Brown, I. & W. Sumpton. 1998. Age, growth and mortality of red throat emperor, Lethrinus miniatus, from the Southern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Bull. Mar. Sci. 62(3): 905-917.

Carpenter, K.E. 2001. Sparidae, Lethrinidae. pp. 2990-3050 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Carpenter, K.E. & Allen, G.R. 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. No. 125, Vol. 9. Rome : FAO 118 pp.


Currey, L.M., Heupel, M.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A. & Williams, A.J. 2014. Sedentary or mobile? Variability in space and depth use of an exploited coral reef fish. Marine Biology 161(9): 2155-2166. doi:10.1007/s00227-014-2497-4 Abstract

Currey, L.M., Heupel, M.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A. & Williams, A.J. 2014. Inferring movement patterns of a coral reef fish using oxygen and carbon isotopes in otolith carbonate. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 456: 18-25, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2014.03.004. Abstract
Currey, L.M., Heupel, M.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A. et al. 2015. Assessing environmental correlates of fish movement on a coral reef. Coral Reefs 34: 1267. doi:10.1007/s00338-015-1318-7 Abstract

Davies, C.R., Williams, A.J., Mapstone, B.D., Benzie, J., van Herwerden, L., Choat, J.H., Adams, S., Murchie, C.D., Bean, K., Carlos, G., Tobin A., Ackerman, J. 2005. Stock structure and regional variation in population dynamics of the Red Throat Emperor and other target species of the Queensland tropical reef line fishery. CRC Reef Research Centre Technical Report. CRC Reef Research Centre, Townsville, Australia. 181 pp.

Forster, J.R. in Bloch, M.E. & Schneider, J.G. 1801. Systema Ichthyologiae Iconibus ex Illustratum. Berlin. 584 pp. 110 pls

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grant, C., 1981. High catch rates in Norfolk Island dropline fishery. Aust. Fish. 40(3): 10-13.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp.

Kulbicki, M., Y.-M. Bozec, P. Labrosse, Y. Letourneur, G. Mou-Tham & L. Wantiez. 2005. Diet composition of carnivorous fishes from coral reef lagoons of New Caledonia. Aquat. Living Resour. 18: 231-250.

Lau, P.P.F. & L.W.H. Li. 2000. Identification guide to fishes in the live seafood trade of the Asia-Pacific region. World Wide Fund for Nature, Hong Kong. 137 p.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Sainsbury, K.J., 1987. Assessment and management of the demersal fishery on the continental shelf of northwestern Australia. p. 465-503. In J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers. Biology and fisheries management. Westview Press, Boulder and London.

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Speare, P., Cappo, M., Rees, M., Brownlie, J. & Oxley, W. 2004. Deep water fish and benthic surveys in the Lord Howe Island Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters): February 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 30 pp.

Walker, M.H. 1975. Aspects of the biology of emperor fishes, family Lethrinidae, in North Queensland Barrier Reef waters. Ph.D. thesis, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia. 241 p.

Williams, A.J., B.D. Mapstone & C.R. Davies. 2007. Spatial patterns in cohort-specific mortality of red throat emperor, Lethrinus miniatus, on the Great Barrier Reef. Fish. Res. 84: 328-337.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37351009

Biology:Able to change sex

Danger:Possible ciguatera poisoning

Depth:5-45 m

Fishing:Minor commercial and gamefish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:90 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map