Pacific Diana's Pigfish, Bodianus dictynna Gomon 2006


Other Names: Pacific Diana's Hogfish, Redfin Hogfish

Pacific Diana's Pigfish, Bodianus dictynna, at North Solitary Island, New South Wales. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution

Summary:
Very similar to and easily confused with Bodianus diana, a species found only in the Indian Ocean.

Juveniles are brown with few white spots on the head above the level of the mouth, and no spots on the snout; the white spots on top of the head are sparse and usually large, and those below and behind the eye often join to form irregular stripes. 

Males (terminal phase adults) have a large prominent black spot on the rear of the dorsal fin, and on the middle of the anal and pelvic fins.

Cite this page as:
Gomon, M.F. & Bray, D.J. 2019, Bodianus dictynna in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Sep 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2957

Pacific Diana's Pigfish, Bodianus dictynna Gomon 2006

More Info


Distribution

Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef , Western Australia, Ashmore and Cartier Reefs, Timor Sea, and the Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea, Queensland, to the Solitary islands, New South Wales, with juveniles south to Montague Island. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, east-Indo-west-central Pacific: from the eastern coasts of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago to Japan, Palau, western Micronesia, Samoa, Tonga and southeastern Australia. It is excluded from the Indian Ocean, except for offshore islands of northwestern Western Australia and the southern coasts of eastern Indonesia, west to about Java.
Individuals inhabit coral reefs, mostly at depths of  9–30 m. Juveniles often shelter in caves or near gorgonians and black corals, and also among the tentacles of the free-living mushroom coral Heliofungia actiniformis

Features


Size


Colour


Feeding

Feeds mostly on benthic molluscs and crustaceans.

Biology


Fisheries


Conservation


Remarks

Juveniles regularly remove parasites from other fishes.

Similar Species


Etymology

The species name dictynna, is from the Latin, Dictynna, which is another name for Diana “the goddess of the chase and the moon”, in recognition of the extreme similarity and close relationship between this species and Bodianus diana.

Species Citation

Bodianus dictynna Gomon 2006, Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 30: 59, figs 1c, 5d, 37-38, pls 5J, 6A-B. Type locality: Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. 

Author

Gomon, M.F. & Bray, D.J. 2019

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Pacific Diana's Pigfish, Bodianus dictynna Gomon 2006

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Bodianus diana)

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106 (as Bodianus diana)

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2nd edn, 624 pp. (as Bodianus diana)

Gomon, M.F. 2006. A revision of the labrid fish genus Bodianus with descriptions of eight new species. Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 30: 1-133.

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 (in part as Bodianus diana?)

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds). Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. (in part as Bodianus diana?)

Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123 (as Bodianus diana)

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. (as Bodianus diana)

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. 433 pp. (as Bodianus sp) 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics 398 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. (as Bodianus sp.)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (as Bodianus diana)

Russell, B. 2010. Bodianus dictynna. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187368A8515694. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187368A8515694.en. Downloaded on 03 July 2019.

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105 (as Bodianus diana)

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384199

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:5-100 m (usually 9-30 m)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15 cm SL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map