Spiny Puller, Acanthochromis polyacanthus (Bleeker 1855)


Other Names: Spiny Chromis, Spiny-tail Puller, Spotty-tail

A Spiny Puller, Acanthochromis polyacanthus, on Argincourt Reef Reef, outer Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, November 2005. Source: eschlogl / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
This damselfish has a number of colour variants, and ranges from whitish to all brown or dark grey, sometimes with a white tail.

Unlike most damselfishes, the Spiny Puller lacks a pelagic larval stage, and the eggs hatch into small juveniles that are guarded by the parents. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Acanthochromis polyacanthus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 18 Nov 2017, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/311

Spiny Puller, Acanthochromis polyacanthus (Bleeker 1855)

More Info


Distribution

Cape Leveque to Cape Londonderry, the Kimberley region, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef and Hibernia Reef, Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, to Lady Musgrave Reef, Queensland; also reefs in the Coral Sea, and the Lord Howe Island region in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west Pacific.

Feeding

Feeds on plankton and algae in the water column, and also steals algae from the farms of Ward's Damselfish (Pomacentrus wardi) and the Dusky Gregory (Stegastes nigricans).

Biology

Lacks a pelagic larval stage. Females lay large demersal eggs, and the larvae hatch after 15-17 days (other damselfishes hatch after about 5 days). The larvae are well-developed at hatching and swim and remain in a tight school near the nest site. For several weeks, they are guarded by the parents, and the juveniles gradually disperse to nearby areas on the reef. 

Author

Bray, D.J. 2017

Spiny Puller, Acanthochromis polyacanthus (Bleeker 1855)

References


Allen, G.R. 1975. Damselfishes of the South Seas. New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 237 pp. 251 figs.

Allen, G.R. 1991. Damselfishes of the World. Melle, Germany : Mergus Verlag 271 pp.

Allen, G.R. 1999. Altrichthys, a new genus of Damselfish (Pomacentridae) from Philippine seas with description of a new species. Revue fr. Aquariol. 26(1999): 23-28.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G. R. 2001. Family Pomacentridae. In: Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Atherton, J.A. & McCormick, M. I. 2017. Kin recognition in embryonic damselfishes. Oikos 126: 1062–1069. doi:10.1111/oik.03597 247-270

Bay, L.K., R.H. Crozier & M.J. Caley. 2006. The relationship between population genetic structure and pelagic larval duration in coral reef fishes on the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Biology 149: 1247-1256.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270. 

Kavanagh, K. 1998. Notes on the frequency and function of glancing behaviour in juvenile Acanthochromis (Pomacentridae). Copeia 1998(2): 493-496.    

Kavanagh, K.D. 2000. Larval brooding in the marine damselfish Acanthochromis polyacanthus (Pomacentridae) is correlated with highly divergent morphology, ontogeny and life-history traits. Bulletin of Marine Science 66(2): 321-337.   

Kingsford, M.J. & J.M. Hughes. 2005. Patterns of growth, mortality, and size of the tropical damselfish Acanthochromis polyacanthus across the continental shelf of the Great Barrier Reef. Fishery Bulletin 103: 561-573.  

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.  

Leis, J.M. & B.M. Carson-Ewart. (eds). 2000. The larvae of Indo-Pacific coastal fishes. An identification guide to marine fish larvae. Brill, Leiden. 870 pp.    

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.  

Miller-Sims, V.C., Gerlach, G., Kingsford, M.J. & Atema, J. 2008, Dispersal in the spiny damselfish, Acanthochromis polyacanthus, a coral reef fish species without a larval pelagic stage. Molecular Ecology 17(23): 5036-48. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03986.x.  

Patterson, H.M & Kingsford, M.J. 2005. Elemental signatures of Acanthochromis polyacanthus otoliths from the Great Barrier Reef have significant temporal, spatial, and between-brood variation. Coral Reefs 24(3): 360-369.   

Planes, S., P J. Doherty & G. Bernardi. 2001. Strong genetic divergence among populations of a marine fish with limited dispersal, Acanthochromis polyacanthus, within the Great Barrier Reef and the Coral Sea. Evolution 55: 2263-227.     

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.  

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.   

Rummer, J.L., Stecyk, J.A.W., Couturier, C.S., Watson, S-A., Nilsson, G.E., Munday, P.L. 2013. Elevated CO2 enhances aerobic scope of a coral reef fish. Conservation Physiology 1, doi:10.1093/conphys/cot023   

Schunter C, Welch MJ, Ryu T, Zhang H, Berumen ML, Nilsson GE, Munday PL, Ravasi T. (2016) Molecular signatures of transgenerational response to ocean acidification in a species of reef fish. Nature Climate Change 6: 1014–1018. doi:10.1038/nclimate3087 Abstract

Van Herwerden, L. & P.J. Doherty. 2006. Contrasting genetic structures across two hybrid zones of a tropical reef fish, Acanthochromis polyacanthus (Bleeker 1855). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 239-252.  

Welch, M.J., S-A. Watson, J.Q. Welsh, M.I. McCormick & P.L. Munday. 2014. Effects of elevated CO2 on fish behaviour undiminished by transgenerational acclimation. Nature Climate Change doi:10.1038/nclimate2400

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37372015

Biology:No pelagic larval stage

Depth:1-65 m

Max Size:14 cm TL

Max Size:Reef associated

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