Oneline Cardinalfish, Pristiapogon exostigma (Jordan & Starks 1906)

Other Names: Eyeshadow Cardinalfish, Narrowstripe Cardinalfish, One-line Cardinal, One-line Cardinalfish

A Oneline Cardinalfish, Pristiapogon exostigma, in Yule Passage, northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, August 2015. Source: Ian Shaw / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A pinkish-brown to pale greyish cardinalfish with a small dark spot on the caudal peduncle just above the lateral line, a tapering midlateral stripe often bordered above and below by narrow iridescent white stripes, and a black leading edge on the first dorsal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Pristiapogon exostigma in Fishes of Australia, accessed 26 Mar 2019,

Oneline Cardinalfish, Pristiapogon exostigma (Jordan & Starks 1906)

More Info


Offshore reefs of Western Australia, and the northern Great Barrier Reef to at least the Capricorn Group, Queensland; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific. Shelters under ledges or at the base of coral outcrops during the day.


Dorsal fin VII-I, 9; Anal fin II, 8; Pectoral fin 14; Pelvic  fin I, 5; Pored lateral line scales 23; Total gill rakers 16-17, developed gill rakers 10-12; Circumpeduncular scales 12; Predorsal scales 4.
Body depth 3.0-3.4 in SL

Species Citation

Amia exostigma Jordan & Starks in Jordan & Seale 1906, Bull. Bur. Fish. (U.S.) for 1905 25: 238, fig. 31. Type locality: Samoa. 


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Oneline Cardinalfish, Pristiapogon exostigma (Jordan & Starks 1906)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Apogon exostigma

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21. (as Apogon exostigma

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. (as Apogon exostigma

Fraser, T.H. & Lachner, E.A. 1985. A revision of the cardinalfish subgenera Pristiapogon and Zoramia (genus Apogon) of the Indo-Pacific region (Teleostei: Apogonidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 412: 1-47. (as Apogon exostigma

Jordan, D.S. & Starks, E.C. in Jordan, D.S. & Seale, A. 1906. The fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the Archipelago, with a provisional checklist of the fishes of Oceania. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries (U.S.) for 1905 25: 173-455.

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. (as Apogon exostigma

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. (as Apogon exostigma)  

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (as Apogon exostigma)  

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. (as Apogon exostigma

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 (as Apogon exostigma

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37327056

Depth:3-40 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:12 cm TL

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