Kidako Moray, Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck & Schlegel 1847)

Other Names: Kidako's Moray, Vermiculate Moray

A Kidako Moray, Gymnothorax kidako, at North West Solitary Island, New South Wales - depth 18 m. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC By Attribution

A brownish moray with large, pale, snowflake-like blotches on the head, body and fins (sometimes fewer and smaller on the tail), and a conspicuous pale margin on the anal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Gymnothorax kidako in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Apr 2019,

Kidako Moray, Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck & Schlegel 1847)

More Info


Southern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland to about Sydney, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species occurs in the western-central Pacific. 

Species Citation

Muraena kidako Temminck & Schlegel 1847, Fauna Japonica 4(14, 15): 266, pl. 117. Type locality: Nagasaki, Japan


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Kidako Moray, Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck & Schlegel 1847)


Boeseman, M. 1947. Revision of the fishes collected by Burger and van Siebold in Japan. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 28: 1-242 pls 1-5

Böhlke, E.B. & McCosker, J.E. 2001. The moray eels of Australia and New Zealand, with the description of two new species (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae). Records of the Australian Museum 53: 71-102 figs 1-10 PDF available Open access

Chen, H.-M., Shao, K.-T. & Chen, C.T. 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zoological Studies 33(1): 44-64.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Temminck, C.J. & Schlegel, H. 1847. Pisces. 248-289 pls 111-128, 129 (in part) in Siebold, P. Fr de (ed.) Fauna Japonica. Leyden : Apud Arnz & Socios Vol. 4(14, 15). See ref. at BHL

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37060040

Behaviour:Caves & crevices in reefs

Danger:May bite if bothered

Depth:1-350 m

Max Size:92 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map