Southern Cardinalfish, Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872)


Other Names: Orange Cardinalfish, Southern Gobbleguts

A Southern Cardinalfish, Vincentia conspersa, in Jawbone Marine Sanctuary, Williamstown, Port Phillip, Victoria, May 2016. Source: Julian K. Finn / Museum Victoria. License: CC by Attribution

Summary:
A pinkish to reddish to dusky-brown cardinalfish, with irregular spots and speckles, and a darker diagonal line on the cheek below the eye. Male cardinalfish brood the developing eggs in their mouths.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Vincentia conspersa in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4238

Southern Cardinalfish, Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872)

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to temperate waters of southern Australia from Wilsons Promontory (Victoria) to the middle of the Great Australian Bight (South Australia) and around Tasmania. Inhabits very shallow to deeper offshore reefs in 3-65 m. Nocturnal, hiding in caves and under ledges during the day.

Features

Meristic counts: Dorsal fin VII-VIII; I, 9; Anal fin II, 9; Pectoral fin 15; Pelvic fin I, 5; Caudal fin rays: 17; Lateral line scales 23-24; Gill rakers 1 + 6-7.
Body oval, compressed, with a blunt head, a long tail base and two large short-based dorsal fins set close together, large pelvic fins, and the body covered in large rough scales. 

Size

To a maximum length of 15 cm.

Colour

Colour varies from pinkish to reddish to dusky-brown, with irregular spots and speckles, and a darker diagonal line on cheek from below eye. 

Feeding

Carnivores, feeding on zooplankton and benthic invertebrates.

Biology

The sexes are separate and fertilization is external. Males brood the developing eggs in their large mouths, and do not feed during this time.

Conservation

IUCN Red List: not evaluated.

EPBC Act 1999: Not listed

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Southern Cardinalfish, Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872)

References


Allen, G.R., Cross, N.J. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Family Apogonidae. pp. 1081-1112 in Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3 2178 pp.

Allen, G.R.& Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Apogonidae. pp. 557-561 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Edgar, G.J., Last, P.R. & Wells, M.W. 1982. Coastal Fishes of Tasmania and Bass Strait. Hobart : Cat & Fiddle Press 175 pp. [72] (as Apogon conspersus)

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Apogonidae. pp. 562-571 figs 499-506 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs [569]

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [54]

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [155]

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to sea fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers pp. I-xvii + 1-434 [148]

Thresher, R.E. 1984. Reproduction in reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City, New Jersey. 399 p.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37327033

Biology:Males - mouth brooders

Depth:3-65 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15 cm

Native:Endemic

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map