Orange Cardinalfish, Vincentia punctata (Klunzinger 1879)


Other Names: Southern Cardinalfish, Spotted Gobbleguts

An Orange Cardinalfish, Vincentia punctata, at Rottnest Island, Western Australia, April 2018. Source: glen_whisson / iNaturalist.org. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A reddish-orange to pinkish cardinalfish with a darker back, regularly-spaced small brown spots on the sides, translucent to reddish fins, black pelvic fins and a blackish outer part on the first dorsal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Vincentia punctata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Jul 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4240

Orange Cardinalfish, Vincentia punctata (Klunzinger 1879)

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to south-western Australia, from Two Peoples Bay to Shark Bay, Western Australia. This nocturnal species shelters in caves and beneath ledges during the day, emerging to feed at night.

Features

Dorsal fin VIII + I, 10; Anal fin II, 10; Caudal fin 17; Pectoral fin 15; Pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral line scales 26.
Body moderately deep (36–40% SL), caudal peduncle of moderate length (26–27% SL); head length 36–40% SL; eye diameter 30–36%; scales ctenoid, those in lateral line slightly larger than others; dorsal fins of similar size, adjacent but separate.

Colour

Reddish-orange to pinkish, darker on back, with regularly placed small brown spots on sides; fins translucent to red, outer portions of 1st dorsal and ventral fins black.

Similar Species

The Orange Cardinalfish differs from the Southern Cardinalfish, Vincentia conspersa, in having 10 soft rays, vs 7-9 rays in the anal fin, and a greater distance between the rear of the second dorsal fin and the beginning of the caudal fin. 

Species Citation

Apogon punctatus Klunzinger 1879, Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Wien 16(22): 259. Type locality: King George Sound, Western Australia.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2019

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Orange Cardinalfish, Vincentia punctata (Klunzinger 1879)

References


Allen, G.R. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Apogonidae. pp. 557-561 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Apogonidae. pp. 562-571 figs 499-506 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Gon, O. 1988. Redescription of the holoype of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger, 1872) and Apogon punctatus Klunzinger, 1879 (Pisces, Apogonidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 14(1): 7-13 See ref online

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. 

Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die v. Müller'sche Sammlung Australischer Fische. Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Wien 16(22): 254-261 

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37327123

Biology:Males - mouth brooders

Depth:3-30 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:16 cm TL

Native:Endemic

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