Needleskin Queenfish, Scomberoides tol (Cuvier 1832)


Other Names: Needlescaled Queenfish, Needle-scaled Queenfish, Slender Leatherskin

Needleskin Queenfish, Scomberoides tol. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A bluish-green to bluish-grey queenfish becoming silvery white below, with 5-8 vertically elongate or oval black spots along the side, the first 4-5 intersecting the lateral line, a black outer half on the dorsal fin lobe, and a white anterior lobe on the anal fin. 
The spots along the side are faint or absent in juveniles.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Scomberoides tol in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Mar 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4284

Needleskin Queenfish, Scomberoides tol (Cuvier 1832)

More Info


Distribution

Northern Australia, from Cape Cuvier, Western Australia, and Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island in the Timor Sea, to Brisbane, Queensland, and possibly reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific - from eastern Africa and the Persian Gulf, to Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia.
Inhabits estuaries and coastal waters, often forming small schools.

Features

Dorsal fin VI-VII + I, 19-21; Anal fin A II + I, 18-22; Gill rakers 4-7 + 17-20 = 21-26; V 10+16.
Body strongly compressed, oblong and elliptical, dorsal and ventral profiles equally convex; upper jaw extending to posterior edge of pupil in adults; dentary with 2 teeth rows separated by a shallow groove in adults, teeth in both rows almost same size. 
Body covered with slender, needle-like scales; no scutes along lateral line.
Soft rays of posterior dorsal and anal fins consist of semi-detached finlets.

Size

Hind tip of upper jaw not reaching to a vertical through posterior margin of eye in adults

Colour

Bluish above, silver or white ventrally, with 5-8 vertically oblong or oval black spots, the first 4-5 intersect the lateral line, dorsal fin lobe black outer half.

Feeding

Adults mainly consume fishes, while juveniles use specialised rasping teeth to feed on the scales and epidermal tissues of other fishes.

Fisheries

Targeted by commercial and recreational fishers. Throughout its range, this species is taken using drift set nets, gill nets, seines and hook and line, and is mainly marketed fresh; also used as baitfish in some areas.

Species Citation

Chorinemus tol Cuvier, in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons Vol. 8: 385. Type locality: Malabar Coast, India. 

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Needleskin Queenfish, Scomberoides tol (Cuvier 1832)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Blaber, S.J.M. 1980. Fish of the Trinity Inlet System of North Queensland with notes on the ecology of fish faunas of tropical Indo-Pacific estuaries. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31: 137-146.

Blaber, S.J.M., Brewer, D.T. & Salini, J.P. 1995. Fish Communities and the Nursery Role of the Shallow Inshore Waters of a Tropical Bay in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 40: 177-193.

Blaber, S.J.M., Young, J.W. & Dunning, M.C. 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 247-266.

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1832. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 8 509 pp. pls 209-245. 

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2):709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean a Natural History & Illustrated Guide. Sydney : University of New South Wales Press Ltd 266 pp. 

Ramm, D.C., Pender, P.J., Willing, R.S. & Buckworth, R.C. 1990. Large-scale spatial patterns of abundance within the assemblage of fish caught by prawn trawlers in Northern Australian waters. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 41(1): 79-95.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105 

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. 

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Staiger, J.C. 1973. Comparative revision of Scomberoides, Oligoplites, Parona, and Hypacanthus with comments on the phylogenetic position of Campogramma (Pisces : Carangidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 39(13): 185-256 figs 1-26

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. 2016. Scomberoides tol (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T20435185A115382256. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T20435185A46664124.en. Downloaded on 5 December 2018.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37337044

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-50 m

Fishing:Minor commercial & sports fish

Habitat:Estuaries, coastal waters

Max Size:60 cm TL

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