Diamondscale Mullet, Liza vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)


Other Names: Diamond Scale Mullet, Diamond-scale Mullet, Diamond-scaled Mullet, Large Scale Mullet, Largescale Mullet, Large-scaled Mullet, Squaretail Mullet

Diamondscale Mullet, Ellochelon vaigiensis, at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Source: Anne Hoggett / Lizard Island Research Station. License: CC By Attribution

Summary:
An olive-brown mullet with silvery sides and a whitish belly, dark scale margins forming a chequerboard pattern, a yellow tail, and a truncate or square caudal fin. Juveniles have black pectoral fins.
Many authors refer to this species as Ellochelon vaigiensis.

Video of juvenile Diamondscale Mullet in an aquarium.
More Diamondscale Mullet in an aquarium.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Liza vaigiensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Mar 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4420

Diamondscale Mullet, Liza vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)

More Info


Distribution

Central coast of Western Australia and Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, around the tropical north to northern New South Wales; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical Indo-west-central Pacific. Inhabits coastal lagoons, marshes, estuaries and the lower reaches of rivers.

Features

Dorsal fin IV-V + 8-9; Anal fin III, 7-9.

Colour

Olive-brown above, sides silvery, abdomen white or slightly pale yellow; longitudinal marks on scales forming about 6 longitudinal stripes on sides; scales also with darkened margins giving slight chequered appearance to sides. Iris with yellow patches. Caudal fin yellow. Pectoral fin completely black in small fish; lower section yellowish in adults; fins otherwise yellowish-white with dusky margins. No axillary scale visible in the pectoral fins

Feeding

Feeds on phytoplankton, algae and detritus.

Biology

Spawns at sea.

Species Citation

Mugil vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard 1825, Voyage Autour du Monde: 337, pl. 59(2). Type locality: Waigeo (as Vaigiou), Indonesia.

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Diamondscale Mullet, Liza vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)

References


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Blaber, S.J.M., Brewer, D.T. & Salini, J.P. 1992. A checklist of the fishes of Groote Eylandt, north-western Gulf of Carpentaria. Report 218. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Laboratories 14 pp. 

Bleeker, P. 1854. Bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van de Kokos-eilanden. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 7: 37-48. (as Mugil rossi)

Castelnau, F.L. de 1873. Contribution to the ichthyology of Australia. 8. Fishes of Western Australia. Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria 2: 123-149. (as Mugil occidentalis)

Castelnau, F.L. de 1875. Researches on the fishes of Australia. Intercolonial Exhibition Essays. 2. pp. 1–52 in, Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876 : Official Record. Melbourne. (as Mugil ventricosus)

Dor, M. 1984. CLOFRES, Checklist of the Fishes of the Red Sea. Jerusalem : Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 437 pp. 2 figs. 

Freyhof, J. 2014. Ellochelon vaigiensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T197054A2478596. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T197054A2478596.en. Downloaded on 25 July 2016.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. 

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds) Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Johnson, J.W. & Gill, A.C. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of Sweers Island, Gulf of Carpentaria. Gulf of Carpentaria Scientific Study Report. Geography Monograph Series. Brisbane: Royal Geographic Society of Queensland. pp. 239-260. 

Jordan, D.S. & Seale, A. 1906. The fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the Archipelago, with a provisional checklist of the fishes of Oceania. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries (U.S.) for 1905 25: 173-455 figs 1-111 pls 33-53 

Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 27: 1-663. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293. 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds) The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. 

Quoy, J.R.C. & Gaimard, J.P. 1825. Chapter 9. Poissons. pp. 329-401 pls 43-65 in Freycinet, L.C.D. de (ed.) Voyage Autour du Monde, entrepris par orde du Roi, sous le Ministère et conformément aux instructions de S. Exc. M. le Vicomte de Boucharge, secrétaire d'État au Département de la Marine exécuté sur les corvettes de S.M. l'Uranie et la Physicienne, pendent les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820; publié sous les auspices de S.E.M. le Conte Corbière, secrétaire d'État de l'Intérieur, pour la partie historique et les sciences naturelles, et de S.E.M. le Marquis de Clermont-Tonnerre, Secrétaire d'État de la Marine et des Colonies, pour la partie nautique; par M. Louis Freycinet, etc. Paris : Pillet Aîné Vol. 1 + atlas iv 712 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105. 

Taylor, W.R. 1964. Fishes of Arnhem Land. Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land 4: 44-307 figs 1-68 (as Chelon vaigiensis)

Thomson, J.M. 1954. The Mugilidae of Australia and adjacent seas. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 5(1): 70-131 figs 1-16 pls 1-2 

Thomson, J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the world. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(3): 457-562 fig. 1 

Whitley, G.P. 1930. Five new generic names for Australian fishes. The Australian Zoologist 6(3): 250-251. 

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37381008

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-10 m

Fishing:Aquarium, commercial fish

Habitat:Reef associated, estuaries

Max Size:70 cm TL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map