Goldspotted Rockcod, Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton-Buchanan 1822)


Other Names: Brown-spotted Grouper, Brown-spotted Rockcod, Estuary Cod, Estuary Rock Cod, Estuary Rockcod, Gold Spotted Rock Cod, Greasy Cod, North-west Groper, Orange Spotted Cod, Orange-spotted Cod, Orangespotted Grouper, Orange-spotted Grouper, Rockcod, Spotted Cod, Spotted River Cod

A Goldspotted Rockcod, Epinephelus coioides, at the Wreck of the Karma, Queensland. Source: Dave Harasti / http://www.daveharasti.com/. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
Pale brownish to greyish-brown above with four angled "H-shaped" darker bars on sides, 3-4 dark saddles along the back, and many small orange-brown to reddish-brown spots on the head, body and fins. The spots are pupil-sized in juveniles, becoming more numerous and relatively smaller in larger fish.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Epinephelus coioides in Fishes of Australia, accessed 19 Jul 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4512

Goldspotted Rockcod, Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton-Buchanan 1822)

More Info


Distribution

Recorded in Australia from Carnarvon, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Julian Rocks, New South Wales. Elsewhere, the species is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific. Inhabits estuaries and turbid coastal reefs, often on muddy and rubble bottoms in brackish waters. Juveniles prefer sandy, muddy, gravel and mangrove areas in shallow estuaries.

Feeding

Carnivore - feeds on small fishes, shrimp, and crabs.

Species Citation

Bola coioides Hamilton, F. 1822. Fishes River Ganges: 82, 369. Type locality: Ganges River, India.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Goldspotted Rockcod, Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton-Buchanan 1822)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Cornish, A. & Harmelin-Vivien, M. (Grouper & Wrasse Specialist Group) 2004. Epinephelus coioides. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 18 April 2014.

Craig, M.T., Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y.J. & Heemstra, P.C. 2011. Groupers of the World: a Field and Market Guide. Grahamstown, South Africa : NISC Ltd 356 pp., Appendix 47 pp.


Hamilton, F. 1822. An Account of the Fishes Found in the River Ganges and its Branches. Edinburgh : Archibald Constable 405 pp., pls 1-39.

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1993. Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 16. Rome: FAO. pp. 1-382

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1999. Family Serranidae. pp. 2442-2548 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Johnson, J.W. & Gill, A.C. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of Sweers Island, Gulf of Carpentaria. Gulf of Carpentaria Scientific Study Report. Geography Monograph Series. Brisbane: Royal Geographic Society of Queensland. pp. 239-260.


Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp.


Lau, P.F. & Parry-Jones, R. 1999. The Hong Kong Trade in Live Reef Fish for Food. TRAFFIC East Asia and World Wide Fund for Nature Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Lau, P.P.F. & Li, L.W.H. 2000. Identification Guide to Fishes in the Live Seafood Trade of the Asia-Pacific Region. WWF Hong Kong and Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. Hong Kong. 137pp.

Parker, P.G. 1999. Fish assemblages at Julian Rocks and the adjacent waters of northern New South Wales, Australia. The Australian Zoologist 31(1): 134-160

Prokop, F. 2002. Australian Fish Guide. Croydon South, Victoria : Australian Fishing Network 256 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E. & Heemstra, P.C. 1991. Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 20: 1-332


Sadovy, Y. 1998. A taste for live fish: Hong Kong’s live reef fish market. Naga, the ICLARM Quarterly 21(2): 38-42.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37311007

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Near Threatened

Depth:1-100 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational, mariculture fish

Habitat:Reef associated, estuaries

Max Size:120 cm TL; 32 kg

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map