Largetooth Flounder, Pseudorhombus arsius (Hamilton-Buchanan 1822)


Other Names: Large-tooth Flounder, Large-toothed Flounder

A Largetooth Flounder, Pseudorhombus arsius, at Clifton Gardens, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike


Cite this page as:
Pseudorhombus arsius in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Aug 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4708

Largetooth Flounder, Pseudorhombus arsius (Hamilton-Buchanan 1822)

More Info


Distribution

Cockburn Sound, Western Australia, around the tropical north to the Gippsland Lakes, Victoria, and from Cape Jervis to off Venus Bay, South Australia; also Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and reefs in the Coral Sea. The Largetooth Flounder is mostly absent from Victoria and Tasmania.Elsewhere the species is widespread in tropical and subtropical areas from the East African coast to the Western Central Pacific.
Inhabits silty and sandy areas in estuaries and coastal waters at depths of 15–70 m.

Features

Dorsal fin 71–84; Anal fin 53–62; Caudal fin 15; Pectoral fin 12–13; Pelvic fin 6; Lateral-line scales 69–81; Gill rakers 1–7 + 8–15.
Body depth 43–56% SL; head length 28–30% SL, upper profile with slight notch in front of upper eye; upper eye diameter 16–23% HL; upper jaw length 37–46% HL; teeth small except for several pairs of enlarged canines anteriorly in each jaw; gill rakers pointed, longer than broad; scales ctenoid on eyed side, cycloid on blind side; dorsal fin origin above anterior nostrils.

Colour

Eyed side greenish or brownish with dark blotch at front of straight part of lateral line and 2nd midway to tail, often with large dark spots or rings, sometimes encircled with small whitish spots;  fins with small dark brown spots;  blind side whitish.

Species Citation

Pleuronectes arsius Hamilton 1822, An Account of the Fishes Found in the River Ganges and its Branches: 128, 373. Type locality: estuary below Calcutta, India

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Largetooth Flounder, Pseudorhombus arsius (Hamilton-Buchanan 1822)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Amaoka, K. 1969. Studies on the sinestral flounders found in the waters around Japan. Taxonomy, anatomy, and physiology. Journal of the Shimonoseki College of Fisheries 18: 65-340 

Amaoka, K. & Hensley, D.A. 2001. Paralichthyidae. pp. 3842-3862 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Bleeker, P. 1853. Diagnostische beschrijvingen van nieuwe of weinig bekende vischsoorten van Batavia. Tiental I–VI. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 4: 451-516 (as Rhombus polyspilos)

De Vis, C.W. 1882. Descriptions of some new Queensland fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 7(3): 367-371 (as Pleuronectes mortoniensis)

De Vis, C.W. 1886. Donations. Queensland Museum (Report of Board of Trustees for the year 1885) 1885: 1-15 (as Neorhombus ocellatus)

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Bothidae. pp. 844-850, figs 747-752 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Paralichthyidae. pp. 806-807 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Günther, A. 1862. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Museum. London : British Museum Vol. 4 534 pp. 

Hamilton, F. 1822. An Account of the Fishes Found in the River Ganges and its Branches. Edinburgh : Archibald Constable 405 pp., pls 1-39. 

Hensley, D.A. 1986. Family No. 269: Bothidae. pp. 854-863 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. 

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds). Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 

Macleay, W.J. 1881. Descriptive catalogue of the fishes of Australia. Part 3. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 6(1): 1-138 pls 1-2 (as Teratorhombus excisiceps)

Norman, J.R. 1934. A Systematic Monograph of the Flatfishes (Heterosomata) Psettodidae, Bothidae, Pleuronectidae. London : British Museum Vol. 1 459 pp. 317 figs. 

Norman, J.R. 1937. Fishes. Report of the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition 1(2): 49-88 figs 1-11 

Richardson, J. 1843. Contributions to the ichthyology of Australia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 1 11(73): 489-498 (as Rhombus lentiginosus)

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37460009

Depth:3-178 m

Habitat:Sandy/muddy areas

Max Size:45 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map