Spothead Grubfish, Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910


Other Names: False-eye Grubfish, False-eyed Grubfish, Latticed Sand Perch, Latticed Sandperch, Ocellate Weaver, Ogilby's Grubfish

A male Spothead Grubfish, Parapercis clathrata, at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia. Source: Rick Stuart-Smith / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution

Summary:
A grubfish with an orange chin, fine black spots on the cheek, a dark wavy line along the upper side separating a pale brown back from the whitish midsection, 9-10 large oval brown to reddish-brown spots with blackish centres along lower sides, a row of small blackish spots on the outer third of the anal fin, and white or yellow spots on the caudal fin. Males have a distinct ocellus above the gill opening, while females lack the white ring around the spot. Juveniles can be identified by the patch of small spots on the cheek that usually remains in adults.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Parapercis clathrata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/521

Spothead Grubfish, Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910

More Info


Distribution

Off Carnavon, Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, to the Arafura Sea, Northern Territory, and from the Torres Strait Islands, northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland and reefs in the Coral Sea, to the Solitary Islands, New South Wales; also at Christmas Island and Cocos Keeling Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, East Indo-west Central Pacific.
Inhabits open sandy, rubble and rocky areas in clear lagoons and seaward reefs.

Features

Dorsal fin IV-V (usually IV), 20-21; Anal fin I, 17; Pectoral fin 17; Lateral line pores 57-60.

Colour

Body pale brown above with rows of small irregular dark spots, whitish along midsides and below, 9-10 elliptical brown to reddish-brown spots with blackish centres along lower sides, a black ocellus above gill opening in males, and white or yellow spots on caudal fin. 

Species Citation

Parapercis clathrata Ogilby, 1910, Proc. Roy. Soc. Qld 23(1): 41. (Replacement name for Bodianus tetracanthus Lacepède 1802, secondarily preoccupied in Parapercis by Labrus tetracanthus Lacepède 1801). Type locality: unknown.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Spothead Grubfish, Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1979. The Fishes of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Aust. Natl. Parks Wldlf. Ser. Spec. Publ. 2. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service 81 pp. 15 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Bleeker, P. 1853. Diagnostische beschrijvingen van nieuwe of weinig bekende vischsoorten van Batavia. Tiental I–VI. Natuurwetenschappelijk Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 4: 451-516. (as Percis tetracanthus)

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202.

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Johnson, J.W. & White, W.T. 2012. Parapercis pariomaculata (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae), a new species of sandperch from Lombok and Bali, Indonesia and remarks on the validity of P. quadrispinosa (Weber 1913). Zootaxa 3319: 57–68.

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Australia : Zoonetics pp. 304-622.

Lacepède, B.G.E. 1802. Histoire naturelle des poissons. pp. 1-728 in Lacepède, B.G. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : chez Plassan Vol. 4 728 pp. 16 pls. (as Bodianus tetracanthus)

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.

Ogilby, J.D. 1910. On new or insufficiently described fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 23(1): 1-55.

Randall, J.E. 2001. Pinguipedidae. pp. 3501-3510 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Weber, M. 1913. Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition. Siboga-Expéditie Report 57: 1-710 123 figs 12 pls (as Percis quadrispinosus)

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37390013

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Depth:1-58 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:24 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map