Red Bass, Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775)


Other Names: Bohar Snapper, Kelp Bream, Kelp Sea Perch, Kelp Sea-perch, Twospot Red Snapper, Two-spot Red Snapper

A Red Bass, Lutjanus bohar, at Beqa lagoon, Fiji. Source: Sarah Speight / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A large reddish tropical snapper with darker fin, a deep groove or pit running from the nostrils to the front of the eye, and the scale rows on the back rising obliquely above lateral line. 

Small juveniles are brownish with two silvery-white spots on back. They mimic damselfishes of the genus Chromis, allowing the young Red Bass to approach potential prey. Large fish are known to cause ciguatera poisoning.

Video of a spawning aggregation of Red Bass
Underwater footage of a Red Bass in the Red Sea.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Lutjanus bohar in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/551

Red Bass, Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775)

More Info


Distribution

Recorded in the Australian region from Shark Bay, WA, to the Timor Sea NNW of Darwin, NT, also Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef, WA, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Qld, to Nambucca Heads, NSW; also at Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea, and Christmas and Cocos (Keeling) islands in the Indian Ocean. elsewhere, widespread in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.

Adults inhabit coral reefs, often on outer reef slopes.

Feeding

Carnivore - feeds mostly on fishes, and also preys on crustaceans and cephalopod molluscs.

Biology

A very long-lived, slow growing species that does not become reproductively mature until 8-9 years of age. Males and females form large spawning aggregations. Otolith aging studies have shown that individual Red Bass may live to at least 56 years of age.

Species Citation

Sciaena bohar Forsskål, 1775, Descriptiones animalium: 46. Type locality: Arabia.

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Red Bass, Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775)

References


Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R. & Talbot, F.H. 1985. Review of the snappers of the genus Lutjanus (Pisces: Lutjanidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with the description of a new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 11: 1-87.

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Coleman, N. 1981. Australian Sea Fishes North of 30°S. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 297 pp.

Dalzell, P. 1992. Ciguatera fish poisoning and fisheries development in the South Pacific region. Bull. Soc. Pathol. Exot. 85: 435-444.

Forsskål, P. 1775. Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris rubri geographica. Hauniae : Mölleri 1-20 + i-xxxiv + 1-164, 43, pls.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Halstead, B.W., P.S. Auerbach & D.R. Campbell. 1990. A colour atlas of dangerous marine animals. Wolfe Medical Publications Ltd, W.S. Cowell Ltd, Ipswich, England. 192 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Isbister, G.K. & M.C. Kiernan. 2005. Neurotoxic marine poisoning. The Lancet Neurology 4(4): 219-228.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Lau, P.P.F. & L.W.H. Li. 2000. Identification guide to fishes in the live seafood trade of the Asia-Pacific region. World Wide Fund for Nature, Hong Kong. 137 pp.

Manooch, C.S. III. 1987. Age and growth of snappers and groupers. Pp. 329-373. In J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers: biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resour. Mar. Policy Ser. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder & London.

Marriott, R.J. 2005. Population biology, dynamics and their implications for management of red bass: a large, long-lived fish, M.Sc.(Qual) thesis, James Cook University. 

Marriott, R.J. & B.D. Mapstone. 2006. Geographic influences on and the accuracy and precision of age estimates for the red bass, Lutjanus bohar (Forsskal 1775): A large tropical reef fish. Fisheries Research 80 (2-3): 322-328.

Marriott, R.J., B.D. Mapstone & G.A. Begg. 2007. Age-specific demographic parameters, and their implications for management of the red bass, Lutjanus bohar (Forsskal 1775): A large, long-lived reef fish. Fisheries Research 83: 204-215.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Miller, T.L. & T.H. Cribb. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships of some common Indo-Pacific snappers (Perciformes: Lutjanidae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences, with comments on the taxonomic position of the Caesioninae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution  44: 450-460.

Newman, S.J. & D. Williams. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation in assemblages of Lutjanidae, Lethrinidae and associated fish species among mid-continental shelf reefs in the central Great Barrier Reef. Marine and Freshwater Research 52:  843-851.

Randall, J.E. 2005. A review of mimicry in marine fishes. Zoological Studies 44: 299-328. 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp. (as Lutjanus coatesi)

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Russell, B.C., G.R. Allen & H.R. Lubbock. 1976. New cases of mimicry in marine fishes. Journal of Zoology, London 180: 407-423

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Whitley, G.P. 1934. A new fish, reputed to be poisonous, from Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 10(4): 175-179 fig. 1 pl. 26 (as Lutjanus coatesi)

Wright, A., P.J. Dalzell & A.H. Richards. 1986. Some aspects of the biology of the red bass, Lutjanus bohar (Forrskal), from the Tigak Islands, Papua New Guinea. J. Fish Biol. 28: 533-544.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37346029

Danger:Ciguatera poisoning

Depth:4-180 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:90 cm TL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map