Saddletail Snapper, Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)


Other Names: Large-mouthed Nannygai, Large-mouthed Sea-perch, Malabar Blood Snapper, Malabar Snapper, Nannygai, Red Bass, Red Bream, Red Emperor, Red Jew, Red Snapper, Saddletail Seaperch, Saddle-tailed Sea Perch, Saddle-tailed Seaperch, Saddle-tailed Sea-perch, Scarlet Emperor, Scarlet Sea Perch, Scarlet Seaperch, Scarlet Sea-perch

A juvenile Saddletail Snapper, Lutjanus malabaricus, in the Gold Coast Seaway, southern Queensland, June 2015. Source: debaston / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Lutjanus malabaricus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Oct 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/561

Saddletail Snapper, Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)

More Info


Distribution

Known in Australia from Shark Bay, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Sydney, New South Wales. Elsewhere, widespread in the tropical Indo-West-Pacific. Juveniles usually in shallow inshore waters.

Inhabit coastal and offshore reefs as adults, often around sponges and gorgonian corals, or hard muddy bottom areas. They often form mixed schools with the Crimson Snapper, Lutjanus erythropterus.

Feeding

Feeds mostly at night on fishes, and also on crustaceans, cephalopods and other benthic invertebrates.

Biology

Mature at about 9 years of age, males at 27-28 cm SL, females at 35-37 cm SL.

Fisheries

In Australia, the species comprises three biological stocks: the North West Shelf biological stock, the northern Australian biological stock (including the Timor Sea, Arafura Sea and Gulf of Carpentaria) and the east coast of Queensland biological stock.

Saddletail Snapper are an important cpommercial species and are taken using baited traps, handlines, droplines, trot lines and semipelagic otter trawls. The species if also popular with recreatinal anglers fishes.

Species Citation

Sparus malabaricus Bloch & Schneider,  1801. Systema Ichthyologiae : 278. Type locality: Coromandel, India.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2017

Saddletail Snapper, Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)

References


Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them. Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp.

Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Talbot, F.H. 1985. Review of the snappers of the genus Lutjanus (Pisces: Lutjanidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with the description of a new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 11: 1-87.

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Blaber, S.J.M., D.T. Brewer & A.N. Harris. 1994. Distribution, biomass and community structure of demersal fishes of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 45(3): 375-396.

Bloch, M.E. & Schneider, J.G. 1801. Systema Ichthyologiae Iconibus ex Illustratum. Berlin 584 pp. 110 pls.

Edwards, R.R.C. 1985. Growth rates of Lutjanidae (snappers) in tropical Australian waters. J. Fish Biol. 26: 1-4.

Elliot, NG. 1996. Allozyme and mitochondrial DNA analysis of the tropical saddle-tail sea perch, Lutjanus malabaricus (Schneider), from Australian Waters. Marine and Freshwater Research 47: 869–876.

Fry, G & Milton, DA. 2009. Age, growth and mortality estimates for populations of red snappers Lutjanus erythropterus and L. malabaricus from northern Australia and eastern Indonesia. Fisheries Science 75: 1219–1229.

Fry, G, Milton, DA, Van Der Velde, T, Stobutzki, I, Andamari, R, Badrudin & Sumiono, B. 2009. Reproductive dynamics and nursery habitat preferences of two commercially important Indo–Pacific red snappers Lutjanus erythropterus and L. malabaricus. Fisheries Science 75: 145–158.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp.

Grimes, C.B. 1987. Reproductive biology of the Lutjanidae: a review. p. 239-294. In J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers. Biology and fisheries management. Westview Press. Boulder and London.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Johnson, J.W. & Gill, A.C. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of Sweers Island, Gulf of Carpentaria. Gulf of Carpentaria Scientific Study Report. Geography Monograph Series. Brisbane: Royal Geographic Society of Queensland. pp. 239-260.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp.

Leis, J.M. 1987. Review of the early life history of tropical groupers (Serranidae) and snappers (Lutjanidae). p. 189-237. In J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds.) Tropical snappers and groupers. Biology and fisheries management. Westview Press. Boulder and London.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

McPherson, G.R. & L. Squire, 1990. Age and growth of three dominant Lutjanus species of the Great Barrier Reef inter-reef fishery. Asian Fish. Sci. 5(1): 25-36.

McPherson, G., L. Squire & J. O'Brien. 1988. Demersal reef fish project 1984-85: age and growth of four important reef fish species. A report to the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Fisheries Research Branch, Technical Report FRB 88/6. 38 p.

McPherson, G.R., L. Squire and J. O'Brien, 1992. Reproduction of three dominant Lutjanus species of the Great Barrier Reef inter-reef fishery. Asian Fish. Sci. 5(1): 15-24.

Newman, SJ. 2002. Growth rate, age determination, natural mortality and production potential of the scarlet seaperch, Lutjanus malabaricus Schneider 1801, off the Pilbara coast of north-western Australia. Fisheries Research 58: 215–225.

Newman, S.J., M. Cappo & D.McB. Williams. 2000. Age, growth, mortality rates and corresponding yield estimates using otoliths of the tropical red snappers, Lutjanus erythropterus, L. malabaricus and L. sebae, from the central Great Barrier Reef. Fish. Res. 48: 1-14.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Salini, J.P., S.J.M. Blaber & D.T. Brewer. 1994. Diets of trawled predatory fish of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, with particular reference to predation on prawns. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 45(3): 397-411.

Salini, J, Ovenden, J, Street, R, Pendrey, R, Haryantis & Ngurah. 2006. Genetic population structure of red snappers (Lutjanus malabaricus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 and Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch, 1790) in central and eastern Indonesia and northern Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 68(suppl. B): 217–234.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37346007

Depth:12-100 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational species

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:100 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map