Yellowfin Bream, Acanthopagrus australis (Günther 1859)


Other Names: Australian Seabream, Black Bream, Blackbream, Bream, Common Bream, Eastern Black Bream, Sea Bream, Seabream, Silver Bream, Surf Bream, Yellow-fin Bream, Yellow-finned Bream

A Yellowfin Bream, Acanthopagrus australis, at Shiprock, Port Hacking, New South Wales, September 2015. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
 with a silvery to olive-green body, yellowish pelvic and anal fins, a black spot at the upper part of the pectoral-fin base, and dark margins on the dorsal fin and tail. Individuals in coastal waters are silvery, while those in estuaries are usually darker.

The Yellowfin Bream is an eastern Australian endemic that inhabits estuaries, inshore coastal and mangrove habitats.  A popular angling fishIt forms a major component of recreational and commercial fisheries in throughout its range.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Acanthopagrus australis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Oct 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/672

Yellowfin Bream, Acanthopagrus australis (Günther 1859)

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to eastern Australia from Townsville, Queensland, to the Gippsland Lakes area, Victoria. Inhabits estuaries and inshore coastal waters, including bays, coastal rivers, creeks, lakes, and the lower freshwater reaches of rivers. Yellowfin Bream inhabit coastal and estuarine reefs, seagrass, mangrove, sandy areas, and rivers upstream to the brackish water limit.

Features


Feeding

Carnivore - feeds on small fishes and benthic invertebrates including crabs, gastropod and bivalve molluscs, polychaete worms and ascidians.

Biology

Yellowfin Bream spawn around river mouths, and females produce planktonic eggs. The eggs hatch after a few days and the larvae and juveniles develop in estuaries. Following spawning, part of the population changes sex from male to female.

Similar Species

Often difficult to distinguish from the Black Bream, Acanthopagrus butcheri. Black Bream are usually darker and have dusky to brownish anal and pelvic fins. The two species are known to hybridise in some landlocked, coastal lakes in southern New South Wales.

Species Citation

Chrysophrys australis Günther,1859, Cat. fish. Brit. Mus. 1: 494. Type locality: Australia.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Yellowfin Bream, Acanthopagrus australis (Günther 1859)

References


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Carpenter, K.E. 2001. Sparidae, Lethrinidae. pp. 2990-3050 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp.

Diggles, B.K. 2013. Saddleback deformities in yellowfin bream, Acanthopagrus australis (Gunther), from South East Queensland. Journal of Fish Disease 36(2013): 521-527.

Dredge, M.C.L. 1976. Aspects of the ecology of three estuarine dwelling fish in south east Queensland. Unpub. MSc thesis, University of Queensland.

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Günther, A. 1859. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. London : British Museum Vol. 1 524 pp.

Henry, G.W. 1983. Biology and fisheries of yellowfin bream Acanthopagrus australis (Teleostei: Sparidae) in Tuggerah Lakes, New South Wales. University of New South Wales. 130 pp. M.Sc. thesis.

Hsu, T.-H., Guillén Madrid, A.G., Burridge, C.P., Cheng, H.-Y. & Gwo, J.-C. 2011. Resolution of the Acanthopagrus black seabream complex based on mitochondrial and amplified fragment-length polymorphism analyses. Journal of Fish Biology 79: 1182–1192.

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Munro, I.S.R. 1949. Revision of Australian silver breams, Mylio and Rhabdosargus. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 12(4): 182-223 figs 1-5 pls 16-23 (as Mylio australis)

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Ogilby, J.D. 1893. Edible Fishes and Crustaceans of New South Wales. Sydney : Government Printer 212 pp. 51 pls. (as Pagrus australis)

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Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37353004

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-50 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Habitat:Estuaries, reefs

Max Size:66 cm TL; 4.5 kg

Native:Endemic

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map