Fanbelly Leatherjacket, Monacanthus chinensis (Osbeck 1765)


Other Names: Fanbellied Leatherjacket, Fan-bellied Leatherjacket, Fan-bellied Leather-jacket, Fan-belly Leatherjacket, Fantail Leatherjacket, Fan-tailed Leatherjacket, Pigfish

A Fanbelly Leatherjacket, Monacanthus chinensis, at Shiprock, Port Hacking, New South Wales. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A cream to yellowish or brownish leatherjacket with brown blotches and mottling on the body, and brown bands on the tail. The Fanbelly Leatherjacket has a and a very large skin flap on the belly, a concave snout, and a filament extending from the upper part of the tail.

A Fanbelly leatherjacket at Vaucluse Bay, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales.

Fanbelly Leatherjackets at the Gold Coast Seaway, southern Queensland.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Monacanthus chinensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/810

Fanbelly Leatherjacket, Monacanthus chinensis (Osbeck 1765)

More Info


Distribution

Widespread in Australia from Geographe Bay, WA (33°34'S), around the tropical north to Spencer Gulf, SA (136°50'E). The species occurs elsewhere in the tropical west Pacific.
Inhabits coastal and offshore reefs, estuaries and weedy areas. 

Feeding

Omnivore - feeds on algae, seagrass, and small invertebrates such as amphipods, caridean shrimps, copepods, tanaids, bryozoans, hydroids, polychaete worms and tunicates. 

Remarks

Fanbelly Leatherjackets can change colour in response to habitat changes. The bright green alga, Caulerpa taxifolia, is becoming more abundant in Moreton Bay, and studies have shown that juvenile brown leatherjacket morphs can change to an overall greenish colour to match the bright green alga.

Species Citation

Balistes chinensis Osbeck, 1765, Reise nach Ostindien und China: 147. Type locality: China.

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Fanbelly Leatherjacket, Monacanthus chinensis (Osbeck 1765)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. 292 pp.

Allen, G.R. & R. Swainston. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Western Australian Museum. 201 pp.

Blaber, S.J.M., J.W. Young & M.C. Dunning. 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 36: 247-266.

Bell, JD, JJ Burchmore & DA Pollard.  1978. Feeding Ecology of Three Sympatric Species of Leatherjackets (Pisces : Monacanthidae) from a Posidonia Seagrass Habitat in New South Wales. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 29(5): 631-643.

Brothers, E.B., D.McB. Williams & P.F. Sale. 1983. Length of larval life in twelve families of fishes at 'One Tree Lagoon', Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Mar. Biol. 76: 319-324.

Conacher, M.J., W.J.R. Lanzing & A.W.D. Larkum. 1979. Ecology of Botany Bay. II Aspects of the feeding ecology of the fanbellied leatherjacket, Monacanthus chinensis (Pisces: Monacanthidae), in Posidonia australis seagrass beds in Quibray Bay, Botany Bay, New South Wales. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 30(3): 387-400.

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2nd edn, 624 pp. 

Gilby, BL, Mari, RA, Bell, EG, E. W. Crawford, EW, Jun, D, Lederer, BI, Tibbetts, IR & Burfeind, DD. 2015. Colour change in a filefish (Monacanthus chinensis) faced with the challenge of changing backgrounds. Environmental Biology of Fishes DOI:10.1007/s10641-015-0424-2 Abstract

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 1990. Fish survey of South Passage, Shark Bay, Western Australia. pp. 263-278 in Berry, P.F., Bradshaw, S.D. & Wilson, B.R. (eds). Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee. Perth : Western Australian Museum.

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66.

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. Family Monacanthidae. pp. 866-891 figs 767-787 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Hutchins, J.B. 1997. Checklist of fishes of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. pp. 239-253 in Wells, F. (ed.) The Marine Fauna and Flora of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Monacanthidae. pp. 3929-3947 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398.

Hutchins, J.B. 2008. Family Monacanthidae. pp. 822-841 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. 180 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Johnson, J.W. & Gill, A.C. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of Sweers Island, Gulf of Carpentaria. Gulf of Carpentaria Scientific Study Report. Geography Monograph Series. Brisbane: Royal Geographic Society of Queensland. pp. 239-260.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-Eastern Australia. Crawford House Press. 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. 433 pp.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84.

Travers, M.J. & I.C. Potter. 2002. Factors influencing the characteristics of fish assemblages in a large subtropical marine embayment. J. Fish Biol. 61(3): 764-784.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37465009

Depth:5-50 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:40 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map