Longhorn Cowfish, Lactoria cornuta (Linnaeus 1758)


Other Names: Cowfish, Cow-fish, Horned Boxfish, Long-horn Cow-fish, Long-horned Cowfish

A Longhorn Cowfish, Lactoria cornuta, at Stradbroke Island, Queensland. Source: Mark Norman / Museum Victoria. License: CC by Attribution

Summary:

An easily recognised cowfish with long spines protruding from the front of the head, and similar spines protruding from the lower rear of the carapace. Body colour varies from greenish, or olive-green to pale yellow or orange, with blue spots.

Longhorn Cowfish inhabit weedy and sandy areas near reefs. They often expose their invertebrate prey by blowing jets of water onto the sandy substrate.


Video of a Longhorn Cowfish in Lembeh Strait, Indonesia.


Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Lactoria cornuta in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/837

Longhorn Cowfish, Lactoria cornuta (Linnaeus 1758)

More Info


Distribution

Widespread in Australia - recorded from about Fremantle, Western Australia, around the north to Narooma, New South Wales, and at Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea..

Feeding

Feedson benthic invertebrates by blowing away to sand to expose them.

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Longhorn Cowfish, Lactoria cornuta (Linnaeus 1758)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to sea fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundem Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentis, Synonymis, Locis. Tom.1, Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae : Laurentii Salvii 824 pp.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Matsuura, K. 2001. Ostraciidae, Aracanidae, Triodontidae, Tetraodontidae. pp. 3948-3957 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37466004

Depth:1-100 m (usually above 50 m)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max weight:46 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map