Tricolour Parrotfish, Scarus tricolor Bleeker 1847


Other Names: Three-colour Parrotfish

A Tricolour Parrotfish, Scarus tricolor, at Timur Island, Bunaken Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Source: Bernard Dupont / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A greenish parrotfish usually with a pinkish or yellowish overlay on the rear of the body, and a purplish submarginal band on each caudal-fin lobe. Females are dark grey to almost black becoming blue to bluish-green on the lower side, with black scale margins, a red caudal fin, an orange anal fin and dusky yellowish to orange pelvic fins.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Scarus tricolor in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Oct 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/933

Tricolour Parrotfish, Scarus tricolor Bleeker 1847

More Info


Distribution

Australian territories of Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean - not known from mainland Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.
Individuals or groups inhabit areas with dense coral growth. mostly on seaward reefs, although sometimes in lagoons.

Features

Dorsal fn IX, 10; Anal fin III, 9; Pectoral fin 14-15; Median predorsal scales 6-7; Cheek scale rows 3, lower row with 2-6 scales.
Upper dental plate of males (and occasionally large females) usually with 1-2 conical teeth on side; lips covering half of dental plate; caudal fin lunate in males, slightly to moderately emarginate in females.

Feeding

Herbivore - feeds on benthic algae.

Fisheries

Taken byartisanal fishers in parts of its range.

Species Citation

Scarus tricolor Bleeker 1847, Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neêrland's Indië 4(2): 164. Type locality: Jakarta (as Batavia), Java, Indonesia.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Tricolour Parrotfish, Scarus tricolor Bleeker 1847

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Bellwood, D.R. 1994. A phylogenetic study of the parrotfishes family Scaridae (Pisces: Labroidei), with a revision of genera. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 20: 1-86

Bellwood, D.R. 2001. Scaridae. pp. 3468-3492 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Bleeker, P. 1847. Pharyngognathorum Siluroideorumque species novae Javanenses. Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neêrland's Indië 4(2): 155-169 

Hobbs, J.-P.A., Ayling, A.M., Choat, J.H., Gilligan, J.J., McDonald, C.A., Neilson, J. & Newman, S.J. 2010. New records of marine fishes illustrate the biogeographic importance of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 2422: 63–68 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. Parenti, P. & 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Russell, B., Choat, J.H., Clements, K.D., Rocha, L.A., Myers, R., Lazuardi, M.E., Muljadi, A., Pardede, S. & Rahardjo, P. 2012. Scarus tricolor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T190704A17789893. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T190704A17789893.en. Downloaded on 03 April 2018.

Westneat, M.W. & Alfaro, M.E. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of the reef fish family Labridae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 370–390.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37386036

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Depth:10-40 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:40 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map